In a lawsuit filed Aug. 15 in Utah’s state court system, lawyers for the anti-marijuana activist Walter J. Plumb argued that a limited medical marijuana ballot initiative set to go before Utah’s voters Nov. 6 should be thrown out. The complaint states that the measure, if enacted, would require Mormon landlords to rent to individuals who would use marijuana in their homes. This, according to the lawsuit, makes the ballot initiative unconstitutional because it would supposedly violate Plumb’s religious freedom and the rights of landlords across the state. Plumb’s lawyers argued that his “religious beliefs include a strict adherence to a code of health which precludes the consumption and possession of mind-altering drugs, substances and chemicals, which includes cannabis and its various derivatives.”
In reality, throwing out the ballot initiative would shut down democracy on an issue of public interest due to Plumb’s private beliefs. Such a ruling would jeopardize individual freedom, not protect it.
Religious freedom concerns are important because they often entail conflicting basic rights and closely held personal beliefs — namely, Plumb’s right to use his property as he wants and the rights of individuals to seek treatments for health problems. Both are fundamental rights, derived from the same belief in individual property: one over what a person owns and the other over a person’s body.
Yet Plumb’s claims go too far. For one, while smoke certainly can damage furniture and walls within a home, current rules in Utah and other states allow landlords to prohibit smoking. Presumably, renters with medical marijuana licenses will still be bound by these rules, making any otherwise legitimate property-based objection Plumb raises null and void. Other forms of medical marijuana, like vaping or food infused with THC — marijuana’s active ingredient — can strike a balance between the right of religious people to protect their property from damage and the rights of individuals to protect their health. In addition, renters can still be penalized for damages that occur from smoking inside an apartment or rented home, no matter what is smoked.
Given these protections, landlords still maintain control over their rental properties even though they cannot refuse to rent to medical marijuana patients. In fact, the requirement that landlords rent to medical marijuana patients is meant to make the law consistent with other anti-discrimination laws that landlords must comply, with like the inability to refuse to rent to people for their race or sexuality. Unless opponents of the initiative similarly believe these rules also violate their religious freedom, and therefore disagree with past actions by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, it seems medical marijuana is unlikely to be a threat to their rights.
Primarily, however, the argument that the ballot initiative violates religious freedom simply doesn’t make sense. Using the same logic as critics of the ballot initiative, current prohibitions on medical marijuana could be considered a violation of the religious freedoms of landlords who would like to rent to tenants who have medical needs that cannabis is well-suited to treat. Instead of a threat to religious freedoms, medical marijuana could alternatively be understood as a guarantee of the free exercise of an individual’s beliefs.
Aside from worries about religious freedom, it is clear that current regulations on cannabis are far too stringent. It is classified as a Schedule 1 drug under federal law, placing the substance in a restricted category above much more dangerous drugs like cocaine and methamphetamine, which doctors sometimes prescribe. Marijuana’s current legal status in federal law actually assumes it has no recognized medical uses, despite mounting evidence to the contrary. This makes additional research on marijuana difficult to conduct, as the Senate Appropriations Committee found in June and Sen. Orrin Hatch spoke out about in April.
Medical marijuana laws allow for more research on the health effects of the drug and give sick people another avenue to improve their well-being. They are in no way an infringement on the religious beliefs of anyone who disagrees with marijuana use. In short, if you believe medical marijuana violates your private religious beliefs, then don't use marijuana products. To extend private religious beliefs into the public sphere clearly violates individual liberty far more than any medical marijuana law ever could.
Josh T. Smith is a Young Voices contributor who lives in Logan, Utah. You can follow him on Twitter @smithtjosh.