While it will take years before skiers could be gliding through the skies of Little Cottonwood Canyon on a taxpayer-funded gondola, the Utah Department of Transportation will need to work out numerous land deals to make the controversial gondola a reality.
While much of the land needed to build the 22 proposed towers up the canyon is owned by the federal government, and will require navigating a mogul field of bureaucracy to transfer, one of Utah’s most influential institutions also owns land that the state will need to build the massive lift — The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
According to plans in UDOT’s draft environmental impact statement (EIS) — which was made public in August — a tower for the proposed gondola would be situated just below the church’s secretive Granite Mountain Records Vault.
The facility houses the “world’s largest collection of genealogical records,” and it was built in 1965 to protect important records for the church, according to the LDS Church’s website.
The gondola tower would be situated between the canyon’s roadway and a parking lot for the Granite Mountain Records Vault, potentially giving gondola riders an aerial view of the facility’s entrance. The tower would be 164 feet tall and require a quarter-acre plot.
Another UDOT record indicates 5.39 acres of the church’s land could be impacted via aerial easement, showing just how much impact a gondola tower could have on the church property. An aerial easement is an agreement where a property owner would retain the land itself, but another entity, like UDOT, would have access to the area above the land. The EIS details how far the aerial easements would extend.
In other words, gondola cables and cars would be hovering over 5.39 acres of church land, so long as the church agrees with the current plans.
A spokesperson for the LDS Church declined to comment on a potential land sale to the state or if it would approve an aerial easement.
Other Utah faith organizations, like the Catholic Diocese of Salt Lake City and the Episcopal Diocese of Utah, have spoken out against the project.
In September, Jean Hill — director of the Catholic Diocese’s Office of Life, Justice & Peace — told Fox 13, “The gondola is not an option for the poor and using that kind of state funding, for an option that will not benefit anyone who is low income, seems like a pretty poor use of taxpayer funds to us.”
The local Catholic Diocese also encouraged Catholics to weigh in on the proposal during UDOT’s public comment period, according to Fox 13.
Little Cottonwood Canyon is a special place for the LDS Church, as the stones that built the Salt Lake Temple were cut near the canyon’s mouth. Beginning in 1860, large wagons and oxen — and later trains — moved granite blocks from Little Cottonwood to what is now Temple Square, according to the church.
And the LDS church isn’t the only mogul that UDOT will need to navigate.
U.S. Forest Service
The largest owner of land for potential gondola towers is the federal government, as much of the canyon is a part of the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest and is maintained by the U.S. Forest Service.
According to a list of property impacts in the draft EIS, the federal government owns 4.698 acres of land where the proposed gondola’s stations and towers would be built.
In total, the gondola would require 22 towers and three loading stations — one at the mouth of the canyon and stations at Snowbird and Alta ski resorts. The UDOT plans also calls for two angle stations, which turn the direction of gondola cars.
Months before UDOT released their decision, Snowbird quietly bought two parcels of land totaling 4.86 acres where the “Gondola Alternative B” base station and a 2,500 stall parking garage would be located. Snowbird bought the land in the hopes of securing the viability of the gondola as an option for the canyon.
Lance Kovel, a special projects coordinator with the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest, said the Forest Service has been in the loop with UDOT for several years.
“UDOT engaged us basically at the beginning of their EIS process,” Kovel told The Salt Lake Tribune. “So we have been intimately involved with (UDOT) since 2018, coordinating on this project mostly on a weekly basis.”
Kovel, who is also the UDOT liaison for the Uinta-Wasatch-Cache National Forest, said the Forest Service has incorporated their analysis and concerns into the draft EIS, which the Forest Service requires before making land use decisions.
He added that, as of now, “there’s nothing that the Forest Service sees currently that would prohibit us from issuing a special use permit.”
However, Kovel noted that, like UDOT, the Forest Service is still in the process of reviewing public comments, and those comments could necessitate additional analysis or study.
UDOT could acquire the land outright, or it could agree to an easement or special-use permit. Either way, the process needs federal approval.
“With an easement or special-use permit, the USDA Forest Service would retain all ownership rights to the land, and UDOT would be authorized to own and operate the Selected Alternative,” the draft EIS says.
How UDOT could acquire gondola land
In written statements, Josh Van Jura, the project manager for the Little Cottonwood EIS, said the gondola project would first need to be funded before property acquisition could begin.
The project — which is estimated to cost taxpayers around $500 million — has plenty of detractors who don’t want to see it built, but the gondola has support from the person who’d ultimately sign off on it, Gov. Spencer Cox.
In October, Cox said he supported the idea of a gondola through the 8-mile-long canyon, though state lawmakers would have to decide on whether or not to provide funding for the project. If they do, UDOT has options.
The department can acquire property in different ways. One way is through temporary construction easements, which Van Jura said are essentially renting a piece of land during the construction phase.
Another means of acquisition is a perpetual easement, which is where a property owner still owns their land, but UDOT would have long-term rights to access and use the land. UDOT can also outright buy a property, which is called a full-fee acquisition.
UDOT also has a final way to get land, though it’s the most controversial — the state can acquire property eminent domain, where the government has the ability to take land in exchange for fair compensation. However, that’s not an option on which UDOT wants to rely.
“Eminent domain is always a last resort,” Van Jura told The Tribune.
UDOT also needs to make agreements with landowners for aerial easements, ensuring the gondola cars can legally soar through the skies of the canyon.
Following the August draft’s release, UDOT opened a public comment period that lasted 45 days. In that time, the department received thousands of comments, which have since been made public.
UDOT’s Little Cottonwood Canyon EIS website says those working on the project are reviewing those comments.
After their review, the state will submit a record of decision, which will finalize their recommendation on how best to address transportation issues in the canyon.
That decision is slated to be published by the end of Utah’s ski season.
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