During her congressional run this year, Shireen Ghorbani said there were times when her son would join her at events.
But that posed occasional challenges, the Democrat and now-Salt Lake County mayoral candidate said, as she had to be a parent and a political candidate simultaneously.
“It’s not easy to talk to people about issues like air quality, or health care, or addiction treatment services,” Ghorbani said, “when you have a 3½-year-old trying to cover up your face and looking for attention.”
Ghorbani ended up taking a leave of absence from her job at the University of Utah to devote more time to her campaign against Rep. Chris Stewart, R-Utah, who ultimately prevailed. And, in September, she announced her decision to take advantage of new federal election rules allowing for campaign funds to be spent on child care.
“That made a huge difference,” she said. “I’m a working mom, and having that access to child care really mattered to me.”
The child care rule currently applies only to candidates for federal office, like the U.S. House and Senate. But Rep. Craig Hall, R-West Valley City, is sponsoring legislation to allow state candidates to follow suit.
Utah law prohibits the personal use of campaign funds, and Hall said the language is ambiguous on whether child care expenses fall under those restrictions.
“The intent of my bill is to make clear that in Utah, campaign funds can be used for child care while campaigning,” Hall said.
Incoming Democratic Rep.-elect Stephanie Pitcher is also sponsoring nearly identical legislation. She said she hopes to meet with Hall soon to discuss the areas of overlap in their two proposals.
“I have three kids,” Pitcher said. “I can see the importance of having something like this in Utah.”
In May, the Federal Election Commission ruled in favor of a request by Liuba Grechen Shirley — a Democratic congressional candidate from New York — to pay for her children’s baby sitter out of campaign donations. The unanimous ruling established a new precedent and was celebrated as a “game-changer” by Grechen Shirley in comments to reporters and in her social media posts.
“I hope that this ruling today inspires more women to step up and run for office,” she told The Washington Post at the time of the ruling.
Hall said a similar clarification in Utah law would create political opportunities for a broader pool of potential candidates.
“Parents, whether male or female, will have a better chance to run,” Hall said. “Certainly, we’re a state with a lot of children.”
In 2016, two state candidates reported spending a combined $75 on baby-sitting, according to an analysis of campaign disclosures at the time by The Salt Lake Tribune. Those expenses did not appear to have been challenged, nor did campaign funds spent by three state candidates on gym memberships, despite a specific prohibition in Utah law on using campaign funds for personal fees or memberships at a “health club or recreational facility.”
Ghorbani said the cost of child care can be a significant barrier for political candidates. By adding those costs to the list of permissible campaign expenses, she said, more parents of young children may be incentivized to participate in politics.
She estimated that her campaign spent roughly $2,000 on child care over a two-month period. And after making her announcement in September, she said the feedback was positive, with some donors specifically asking how much was needed to cover a day or a week of care.
“Being able to have this kind of support system so they can get out there, get to the doors [and] talk directly to voters,” Ghorbani said, “really changes the entire landscape of who can run for office.”
Hall said he is still researching whether his bill can apply to county and municipal elections or whether that would require action by local councils and commissions.
He posted about the bill on Twitter recently and said the feedback so far has been positive.
“It’s always uncertain as to whether a bill will pass or not,” he said.
Lawmakers will convene their 45-day session Jan. 28.
Clarification: This article has been updated to include information on two similar pieces of proposed legislation.