Washington • When Rep. Mia Love was born in Brooklyn, she became an instant citizen under a constitutional amendment that President Donald Trump now wants to toss.
Love, whose parents immigrated from Haiti and who was the first member of her family to gain citizenship, said Tuesday she opposes Trump’s plan to use his executive power to end what is known as birthright citizenship, a move that is legally fraught in that the Constitution’s 14th Amendment protects that right.
“I have always opposed presidential attempts to change immigration law unilaterally,” Love said in a statement. “The Constitution gives Congress, not the president, the power to ‘establish a uniform rule of naturalization’ and the 14th Amendment makes the conditions of citizenship clear: Individuals born in this country are citizens.”
Love — a Republican who is locked in a tight race against Salt Lake County Mayor Ben McAdams, a Democrat, in the 4th Congressional District — said the executive branch doesn’t have the authority to change the amendment unilaterally, a point backed by many legal scholars.
McAdams also criticized Trump’s plan and laid the blame on Congress for continuing to avoid reforming America’s immigration laws.
“Once again we are dealing with the failure by Congress to address immigration reform,” McAdams said in a statement. “Congress has the legislative authority for that and the Constitution is clear. To succeed, we need members of Congress who are strong enough to resist special interests and who are willing to work across party lines. That’s what I will do as Utah’s member of Congress.”
Trump has ramped up his anti-immigrant rhetoric in recent weeks ahead of the midterm elections, in which his party is struggling to retain control of the House and stem Senate losses.
He’s ranted about a caravan of Central American migrants who are traveling to the United States to seek asylum and is now targeting birthright citizenship as a new issue to whip up his support base.
Trump told “Axios on HBO” that his lawyers say he can use an executive order to end the practice that anyone born on U.S. soil, including offspring of immigrants without documentation, automatically becomes an American citizen.
“It was always told to me that you needed a constitutional amendment. Guess what? You don’t,” Trump told the news outlet.
The president pushed back on arguments that changing the Constitution requires an act of Congress and approval of three-fourths of the states, asserting that he was told, “I can do it just with an executive order.”
Salt Lake County Councilwoman Jenny Wilson, a Democrat seeking to replace Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, said Trump’s attempt to undermine the Constitution shows why voters should oppose candidates who support this White House.
“We are a nation built on immigrants’ desire to provide a better life for their children and future generations,” Wilson said. “With actions like this, the president not only rejects that historical reality, he rejects the very text of our Constitution. A week before Election Day, consider this a reminder to get out and vote for candidates who refuse to apologize or carry water for this administration.”
Wilson’s Republican opponent in the Senate race, former presidential candidate Mitt Romney, didn’t immediately comment.
Sen. Mike Lee, R-Utah, said Tuesday that he believes congressional action can change the birthright citizenship but isn’t sure how Trump can do it by executive decree.
“Sen. Lee does believe Congress has the power to determine what it means to be born in the United States ‘and subject to the jurisdiction thereof,’” Conn Carroll, Lee’s spokesman, said. “He does not know what legal basis there might be for the executive branch to redefine the meaning unilaterally.”
Rep. John Curtis, R-Utah, said he shares frustration with Trump about the nation’s broken immigration system, but jettisoning a constitutionally protected right isn’t within the president’s power.
“Birthright citizenship is protected by the 14th Amendment and would require a constitutional amendment to revoke that protected right,” Curtis said. “As a firm believer in our constitutional form of government and the separation of powers, the president cannot unilaterally alter the Constitution.”
Utah’s other federal elected officials did not respond to requests for comment.