Utah legislators are considering a request to allow “Dreamers” — undocumented people brought to the United States as children — to take the bar exam and, if they pass, become licensed attorneys.
The Judiciary Interim Committee took up the issue Wednesday because an unnamed, undocumented graduate from Brigham Young University’s law school would like to take the Utah bar exam.
Randy Spencer, partner with the Fillmore Spencer law firm in Utah County, said the woman applied for a job. While Utah bans undocumented people from taking the bar exam, California allows it — and she passed it and has practiced law there.
“She came to the United States when she was 12 years old,” he said, and currently is participating in the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, allowing “Dreamers” to remain and work in the country.
“She has since moved back to her home state of Utah,” Spencer said. “She began practicing only in the federal immigration courts” here, which allow anyone to practice law who is licensed in a state — and she is licensed in California.
Spencer said he would like to hire her for more general legal work, if Utah would change its rules.
He said ironically, Utah allows foreign applicants to take the bar exam “if they can prove they attended a foreign law school that was based on English common law,” but a “Dreamer” “who attended an accredited law school in the United States is prohibited solely because of their DACA status.”
Rep. Mike McKell, R-Spanish Fork, the committee co-chairman, said other DACA participants have been admitted to the University of Utah’s law school and soon will face “the exact same problem.”
He added, “They’ve been admitted. They want to practice law in the state of Utah. It seems odd to me that we’re admitting students that we’re not going to allow to sit at the bar, and it seems inappropriate as a state to do that.”
The committee noted the Utah Supreme Court sets rules for bar membership and ultimately controls who may take the exam. But it noted federal law bans professional licensing for undocumented immigrants unless a state enacts a law allowing it.
So Sen. Todd Weiler, R-Woods Cross, the other committee co-chairman, said if the Legislature enacts a law to allow licensing of DACA participants, it would not impede any action by the Utah Supreme Court.
State Court Administrator Jacey Skinner testified that with DACA recipients now hoping to take the bar exam, she expects the Utah Supreme Court also to take up the issue — and further action by the Legislature may not be necessary.
Ron Mortensen, a longtime Utah anti-illegal immigration activist who is a fellow at the Center for Immigration Studies, criticized the proposal.
“DACA does not grant them legal status,” he said. “DACA is also a temporary status, so it could be canceled at any time.”
He questioned what happens if the woman Spencer hopes to hire ever loses her DACA status. “Is he going to fire her? Is he going to keep her on as an illegal worker? What’s the solution?”
Mortensen said Utah has seemed to put the cart before the horse in allowing “Dreamers” to pursue such college degrees but not clearly allow them to work afterward.
“What the state is always doing is pushing people forward, and then they are trying to solve the problem afterward,” he said. “That’s been the whole point when we started with in-state tuition [for ‘Dreamers’]. People could go and get a degree, but they can’t legally work afterward.”