Jessica Reynolds worried first about the school’s doors. They lock automatically but sometimes a student will leave one propped open with a rock or a stick.
Then she fixated on the parking lot. When she walked to the front office, she scanned the cars. Is someone sitting out there studying the entrance? Are they waiting for an opportunity to come in? Would anyone stop them?
In the four school days since a gunman killed 17 people at a Florida high school, Reynolds hasn’t felt at ease in the Utah classroom where she teaches music. Everywhere she looks she sees holes in the security.
“My school could be next,” said Reynolds, who works at Draper Elementary School. And if it were, she’s not sure the staff would be prepared.
“Every teacher and parent and administrator should be stressed out that not only can a shooter get in, but once they get in we don’t know what to do.”
While they practice shelter-in-place drills, the intercom indiscreetly announces “we have a stranger in the building.” And it’s only done when students are told ahead of time and are already in their classrooms — which usually isn’t the case with lunch and recess and assemblies.
But finding a solution that encompasses all of the problems is like trying to find one right answer to a Rorschach test.
On Thursday, President Donald Trump suggested “highly trained” teachers arm themselves with concealed weapons, suggesting on Twitter that it “would solve the problem instantly, before police arrive.”
Reynolds disagrees. She worries about locking a gun in drawer and having a student find a way in. She thinks about carrying one around her waist and having it discharge accidentally as she teaches kindergarteners to dance. She imagines someone aiming for a shooter but hitting a student by mistake.
“I don’t feel like that’s in our job description,” she said. “Now you need to be a teacher and a counselor and a parent and all of the things that we really do and also you need to be a police officer? It’s not fair.”
Utah doesn’t prohibit concealed weapons permit holders from having guns in K-12 schools — though plenty of educators in the state doubt whether it could actually stop a shooting.
Melissa Ewell Green, who teaches in Utah County, has a permit but chooses not to carry at school. “Is my small firearm any match for a wild-eyed gunman?” she asks.
Instead, Green proposes getting more mental health professionals on campus and having smaller classes so educators can give more attention to individual students.
Utah Education Association President Heidi Matthews flatly called the president’s idea “absurd.”
“Teachers have an expertise in teaching our children and creating learning environments that motivate and spark curiosity,” she said. “The last thing that we want them doing is having to learn firearm safety at the same time.”
Ben Horsley, spokesman for Granite School District, said in an active shooter situation educators should be focused on getting students to a secure space rather than tracking down a gunman.
“If that teacher has left their station to go engage a shooter, they have left their students open to further harm,” he said. “They do have responsibilities in those situations. That’s not to say they couldn’t engage a shooter if they came into their classroom, but first and foremost, we hope they would follow the protocol which is to make sure their kids are safe.”
Granite School District, which covers 90 schools along the Wasatch Front, is unique in that it has its own 19-member police force. All of its security, including cameras and contracts for additional school resource officers with local city agencies, costs about $3 million a year.
But their response time is cut down to about two to three minutes where a regular law enforcement agency could take five to eight minutes to get to a school. The Florida shooting, according to surveillance footage, lasted less than six minutes.
“I want criminals to know that if you come onto our campus you will be engaged with a police officer,” Horsley said.
In 2014, one of the district’s teachers had a concealed gun and accidentally shot a toilet (she later quit and pleaded no contest). It’s not clear, though, how many Utah teachers have permits. They are not required to tell schools. Some gun rights groups have estimated it’s about 1 percent of all educators in the state.
Kelli Stebbins, a teacher at East Midvale Elementary, previously worked in law enforcement and got a concealed carry permit after the 2012 shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut. She doesn’t want teachers to be required to have a weapon but said districts could pay for training or target practice for those who want it.
Stebbins believes “banning certain kinds of weapons is not going to stop school violence”; there needs to be more trainings and more police officers. Reynolds proposes bag checks and better building design.
As an educator, she grapples with whether she’ll also need to be a bodyguard to her students. It’s a dual role Reynolds never imagined. She has planned for it nonetheless.
“I would protect my students the same way that I would protect my own kids.”