A 7th District judge has ordered the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance to pay San Juan County’s legal costs in defending a recent lawsuit that alleged its County Commission violated state law when it met privately with Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke to lobby for the recision of Bears Ears National Monument.

Pursuing his own motion after tossing the suit in April, Judge Lyle Anderson concluded SUWA abused the legal process. The group’s suit was intended to pester the county “with the improper purpose of dissuading commissioners from lobbying federal officials,” wrote Anderson, who retires from the bench at the end of this month.

“We strongly disagree that SUWA brought this case in bad faith,” said SUWA legal director Steve Bloch. “This clearly falls within the scope of the Open and Public Meetings Act.”

San Juan County has submitted a bill for $3,053.65.

SUWA is fighting the sanction, arguing Anderson may have violated a judicial ethics rule barring judges from conducting independent research and fact gathering.

“It is highly unusual for a judge to raise sanctions on his own, and even more unusual for the judge to then base sanctions on his own independent research and evidence that was not presented to him by a party,” said SUWA’s appellate lawyer Troy Booher. “It’s especially troubling when the plain language of the [open meeting] statute supports SUWA’s position.”

SUWA has appealed Anderson’s June 1 dismissal of its suit, along with another issued by 6th District Judge Marvin Bagley rejecting a similar case against Kane and Garfield counties. Anderson’s ruling of court fees is now being cited by a new motion from Kane and Garfield to extract their fees from the environmental group widely reviled by southern Utah politicians.

SUWA’s “action is brought to take advantage of rural Utah counties by threatening litigation and seeking attorney fees, knowing that rural counties do not always have the means to oppose such litigation and potentially pay plaintiff’s attorney fees,” wrote the counties’ lawyers.

In a June 6 decision, Bagley tossed SUWA’s claim arising from those two counties’ commissioners unnoticed meetings with federal officials to lobby for the reduction of the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. The disputed gathering occurred during Zinke’s May 2017 tour through Utah.

The key issue is whether the subject of the commissions’ meetings with Zinke were ones in which the body held “jurisdiction or advisory power,” according to Anderson’s ruling. State law exempts public bodies from holding open meetings to discuss matters over which they hold no authority.

Since local governments have no legal say over national monuments, Anderson concluded SUWA’s case was so frivolous, akin to asserting that “apples are oranges,” that no reasonable lawyer would ever argue it.

SUWA contends the commissioners’ wielded real influence over the Bears Ears question, a matter of the utmost importance to all Utahns.

“These meetings are not administrative in nature. They were focused on things within the county’s advisory authority,” Bloch said. “They held their meetings in secret because they didn’t want the public to understand what they were advocating to Secretary Zinke and other officials.”

Zinke’s three private meeting with San Juan commissioners came in stark contrast with those held by his immediate predecessor, Sally Jewell, while she toured the region in 2017 to weighi public sentiment regarding Indian tribes’ proposal for a Bears Ears monument. Jewell met with public officials only in open settings.

Although the judge ridiculed SUWA’s arguments as “laughable,” Zinke gave preferential treatment to county commissioners’ concerns during his review of large national monuments. And President Donald Trump invoked the wishes of local leaders when he stripped 2 million acres from the Bears Ears and Grand Staircase monuments in a Dec. 4 ceremony at the Utah Capitol.