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U.S. President Barack Obama, right, greets Estonian school children waving U.S. and Estonian national flags during a welcome ceremony at the Kadriorg Palace in Tallinn, Estonia, Wednesday, Sept. 3, 2014. Wednesday's statement came as U.S. President Barack Obama arrived in Estonia in a show of solidarity with NATO allies who fear they could be the next target of Russia's aggression. (AP Photo/Mindaugas Kulbis)
Obama: ‘We will not be intimidated’
First Published Sep 03 2014 08:50 pm • Last Updated Sep 03 2014 09:04 pm

Tallinn, Estonia • President Barack Obama pledged Wednesday to "degrade and destroy" the Islamic State and said that the militant group’s latest beheading of a U.S. journalist will only serve to galvanize those seeking to punish the militants.

Obama’s comments, at a news conference in the Estonian capital, appeared to sharpen the U.S. commitment to confront the hard-line Islamist group controlling parts of northern Iraq and Syria.

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But Obama gave no clear details on how the United States planned to escalate its pressure on the group beyond the current wave of limited airstrikes and efforts to forge a stronger international coalition against the militants. Obama warned that it could be an extended challenge drifting into the next year.

"We will not be intimidated," Obama said shortly after U.S. intelligence experts said the videotaped beheading of Steven Sotloff appeared to be authentic - the second such killing of an American journalist at the hands of the Islamic State.

"Their horrific acts only unite us as a country and stiffen our resolve to take the fight against these terrorists," he said. "And those who make the mistake of harming Americans will learn that we will not forget and that our reach is long and that justice will be served."

The denunciations from Obama and other U.S. officials came as details emerged about Sotloff’s Israeli connections. It was unclear, however, whether such information was known previously by his captors.

In Jerusalem, a tweet by Israeli Foreign Ministry spokesman Paul Hirschson said Sotloff also had Israeli citizenship but gave no other details about his connections to the country. Sotloff "was Israeli citizen RIP," Hirschson wrote on his personal Twitter account.

There was no immediate comment from Israeli officials, but Israeli news media - regulated by censors - reported that Sotloff immigrated to Israel in 2005 . He studied at a foreign relations institute and contributed reports, including stories from the Arab world, to outlets such as the Jerusalem Post.

Obama’s tougher tone stood in contrast to last week when he struggled to define U.S. strategy against the Islamic State.

The president said the U.S. objective was to destroy the group that killed Sotloff and fellow U.S. journalist James Foley "so it is no longer a threat not just to Iraq, but to the region and the United States."

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He acknowledged that dismantling the group could be a prolonged effort because of the Islamic State’s ability to funnel supplies and fighters over the Syrian border and because its fighters are "battle hardened" by the long insurgency in Iraq.

"This is not going to be a one-week or one-month or six-month proposition," Obama said.

The Islamic State holds strategic hubs - including Mosul, the largest city in northern Iraq - and appears to have a formidable arsenal after overrunning Iraqi military bases and other sites.

But Obama suggested that the Islamic State’s "sphere of influence" could be eroded with greater international cooperation to dry up its financing and military pipelines. He gave no further details, yet such a move would probably require greater clampdowns from Western allies in the Persian Gulf and elsewhere to monitor the flow of funds and recruits to Islamic State-held territory.

At the news conference, Obama spoke directly about Sotloff and his family, saying the journalist was "taken from us in a horrific act of violence."

"We cannot even begin to imagine the agony that everyone who loves Steven is feeling right now, especially his mother, his father and his younger sister. So today our country grieves with them," Obama said. He offered similar condolences after the beheading of Foley late last month.

Oren Kessler, a Middle East research fellow at the Henry Jackson Society think tank in London and a former correspondent for The Jerusalem Post, said he and Sotloff would often discuss the challenges of being a Jewish journalist covering the Arab world.

"I would ask Steven how he felt about being a Jew, and one with connections to Israel, traveling in such dangerous places in the Arab and Muslim worlds," Kessler said.

Sotloff’s response was that he was aware of the perils but believed he could reduce them to a "minor, manageable risk," Kessler said.

"I don’t think Sotloff was naive. I think he was a passionate journalist who decided to brave the risks involved for the sake of his profession," Kessler said.

Michael Sapir met Sotloff when they played on a rugby team in Ra’anana, in central Israel.

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