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Palestinians gather to withdraw money from ATM machines in Gaza City, Thursday, July 17, 2014. The Bank of Palestine opened one of its branches in Gaza City's Rimal neighborhood as the cease-fire began, drawing hundreds of people trying to withdraw money. The Israeli military says it has struck 37 targets in Gaza ahead of a five-hour humanitarian cease-fire meant to allow civilians to stock up after 10 days of fighting. Palestinian health officials say that in total, at least 225 Palestinians have been killed. On the Israeli side, one man was killed since July 8.(AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
Israel invades Gaza after Hamas rejects truce
Crisis » Ground offensive could lead to military, political entanglements for Israel, especially if more Palestinian civilians die.
First Published Jul 17 2014 09:44 am • Last Updated Jul 17 2014 07:19 pm

Gaza City, Gaza Strip • Thousands of Israeli soldiers backed by tanks invaded the Gaza Strip on Thursday, escalating a 10-day campaign of heavy air bombardments to try to destroy Hamas’ weapons arsenal, rocket-firing abilities and tunnels used to send militants from the Palestinian territory into Israel.

Israel had become increasingly exasperated with unrelenting rocket fire, especially following Hamas’ rejection of an Egyptian cease-fire plan earlier in the week.

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However, a ground offensive could quickly lead to military and political entanglements for Israel, especially if it leads to more Palestinian civilians being killed. More than 240 Palestinians have already died in the air campaign, including 14 children under age 12 killed over the past two days, according to Palestinian health officials. One Israeli also died and several were wounded in Hamas rocket fire since July 8.

Hamas struck a defiant tone Thursday. A spokesman, Fawzi Barhoum, said Israel "will pay dearly" for the assault, its first major ground offensive in Gaza since January 2009. "Hamas is ready for a confrontation," he said.

Hamas has survived Israeli offensives in the past, including a major ground operation in January 2009 from which it emerged militarily weaker, but then recovered. Hamas has assembled thousands of rockets and built a system of underground bunkers.

The Israeli offensive began around 10 p.m. Thursday. The military said it was open-ended and would be carried out on several fronts in the coastal strip.

"Large ground forces accompanied by massive air force support, naval forces and intelligence, are taking over targets in Gaza, operating against tunnels and terror activists and infrastructure," said chief military spokesman Brig. Gen. Motti Almoz.

He called on Gaza residents to evacuate targeted areas, warning the "military is operating there with very great force."

As troops crossed into Gaza, the heavy thud of tank shells at intervals of just a few seconds could be heard across Gaza City.

An official in the Gaza security operations room said all of Gaza’s border areas were being shelled, and that Hamas fighters were exchanging fire with Israeli troops near the northern Gaza town of Beit Hanoun.


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"There is a tank shell every minute," said the official, speaking on condition of anonymity in line with briefing regulations. "There is also fire from the sea toward police checkpoints."

Gaza health officials said seven Palestinians were killed in the early stage of the ground operation, including a 3-month-old boy who died after a shell hit his family’s Bedouin tent in southern Gaza. The body was evacuated on a donkey cart because ambulances couldn’t reach the area due to heavy shelling, the officials said.

A resident of the northern town of Beit Lahiya, Jamal Abu Samra, said he was taking cover from the shelling by huddling on the ground floor of his home with his wife, six kids and two dozen other relatives.

"We don’t have power since the afternoon so we are listing to the (battery-operated) radio to hear the news," he said.

Israeli government spokesman Mark Regev said the operation was focused on the tunnels dug by Hamas under the Gaza-Israel border. Earlier Thursday, 13 heavily armed Hamas militants had tried to sneak into Israel through such a tunnel, but were stopped by an airstrike at the mouth of the tunnel.

"For Israel to send ground forces into Gaza is not a light decision. Ultimately we understand the risks involved both for our own soldiers and the dangers of escalation," he said. "But we felt this was necessary ... to deal with this strategic threat posed by those tunnels, which can allow terrorists to infiltrate into Israel and cause mass death."

While the ultimate scale of Israel’s ambition remained unclear, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had come under growing domestic pressure to ratchet up Israel’s response to rocket fire that 10 days of airstrikes had failed to stem.

Israel has little stomach for the scale of casualties that a takeover of Gaza would likely entail, but Israeli public opinion appears to be nearly at a breaking point over the rockets.

Netanyahu may also have sensed he has a degree of international backing for action after Israel accepted an Egyptian cease-fire proposal Tuesday that was essentially a return to the status quo ante — and Hamas then rejected it. Similarly, Hamas ended a "humanitarian lull" of several hours Thursday by immediately resuming rocket fire.

However, the ground offensive brought swift criticism from U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who said he regretted that despite his repeated urgings and "those of many regional and world leaders together, an already dangerous conflict has now escalated even further."

Both Ban and the Obama administration took Israel to task for the mounting civilian death toll in Gaza.

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