When museum officials went to Japan to claim the materials, they came across his separate personal collection. It contained some 20,000 items, including more than 3,000 paintings, books made from woodblocks, and other artifacts. The museum acquired the entire collection for about $26,000 in 2003. But without a catalog, it was unclear what it contained.
Asian art experts have been studying the pieces during the past decade.
Many paintings in the collection were initially identified as "Chinese, question mark; Japanese, question mark; Korean, question mark."
Korean paintings from the late 16th century are difficult to identify in part because so few survived Japanese invasions that started in 1592 and lasted until 1596.
In January, a group of Korean experts — including the world's leading expert on Korean art, Chung Woo-Thak of Dongguk University — came to Hawaii after initially studying photos the museum had sent.
One of the last paintings they looked at depicted scholars meeting in a small pavilion, boats on a calm lake and rocky, pillar-like mountains. A calligraphy inscription dated the work to 1586. The painting immediately piqued their interest.
The painting is important because it is dated just a few years before the Japanese invasions and because it depicts a meeting of scholars, a particular genre of painting, Eichman said. The inscription was by a famous Korean poet, who is believed to be one of the participants in the meeting.
The other painting was put on display at the museum about three weeks ago. It depicts the Chinese philosopher and cosmologist Zhou Dunyi, a standard subject of the day, in contemplation beside a small pool with lily pads. It's not as badly deteriorated as the painting of the scholars and was deemed suitable for exhibition.
Museum officials expect to receive grant money to send the painting of the scholars to South Korea for conservation. Eichman expects it will have a grand unveiling there before it's returned to Hawaii.
Information from: Honolulu Star-Advertiser, http://www.staradvertiser.com