Quantcast
Get breaking news alerts via email

Click here to manage your alerts
The carcass of Marius, a male giraffe, is eaten by lions after he was put down in Copenhagen Zoo on Sunday, Feb. 9, 2014. Copenhagen Zoo turned down offers from other zoos and 500,000 euros ($680,000) from a private individual to save the life of a healthy giraffe before killing and slaughtering it Sunday to follow inbreeding recommendations made by a European association. The 2-year-old male giraffe, named Marius, was put down using a bolt pistol and its meat will be fed to carnivores at the zoo, spokesman Tobias Stenbaek Bro said. Visitors, including children, were invited to watch while the giraffe was dissected. (AP Photo/POLFOTO, Rasmus Flindt Pedersen) DENMARK OUT
In Europe’s zoos, thousands of animals killed every year
First Published Feb 14 2014 08:23 am • Last Updated Mar 25 2014 12:25 pm

Stockholm • People around the world were stunned when Copenhagen Zoo killed a healthy 2-year-old giraffe named Marius, butchered its carcass in front of a crowd that included children and then fed it to lions. But Marius’ fate isn’t unique — thousands of animals are euthanized in European zoos each year for a variety of reasons. Zoo managers say their job is to preserve species, not individual animals. In the U.S., zoos try to avoid killing animals by using contraceptives to make sure they don’t have more offspring than they can house, but that method has also been criticized for disrupting animals’ natural behavior.

———

Join the Discussion
Post a Comment

HOW OFTEN ARE LARGE MAMMALS KILLED IN ZOOS?

U.S. and European zoological organizations refuse to release figures for the total number of animals killed. But David Williams Mitchell, spokesman of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria, or EAZA, estimates an average zoo in its 347-member organization annually kills about five large mammals, which adds up to 1,735.

The number doesn’t include zoos and animal parks that don’t belong to the association. Animal rights groups suggest numbers are much higher. The Associated Press contacted 10 zoos in Europe — two refused to comment, four said they never kill any animals unless severely ill and four said they kill between one and 30 animals every year. Two zoos in the U.S. said they only ever kill animals for "quality of life reasons."

———

WHY ARE ANIMALS KILLED?

Zoos euthanize animals because of poor health, old age, lack of space or conservation management reasons. EAZA policy for zoos in Europe suggests euthanasia may be used as a last resort to achieve a balanced population within breeding programs — Marius was killed to prevent inbreeding. But Williams Mitchell insists only "a fraction of 1 percent" of the killings are for such reasons. The idea is to maintain a group of genetically healthy animals in zoos that can be used to reintroduce the species into the wild should it become extinct.

Mike McClure, general curator at the Maryland Zoo in Baltimore, says his zoo’s policies theoretically allow for killing animals for breeding purposes or lack of housing, but it’s not something his zoo has done. Generally, he says, animals are only killed due to quality of life issues such as old-age or ill-health.

In Asia, the parent company for the Singapore Zoo said in a statement that "euthanasia of animals is necessary to maintain the health and welfare of the herd, as overcrowding could lead to injuries, stress, and disease outbreak. "


story continues below
story continues below

"All animals in zoos die at some point and maybe zoos forgot to tell people," said Jens Sigsgaard, zoological director at Aalborg Zoo in Denmark, which, like Copenhagen Zoo, performs open dissections of animals for educational purposes. "They come year after year. They probably think it’s the same animals that were there when they came as kids."

———

WHAT DO ZOOS DO TO AVOID KILLING ANIMALS?

When animals reproduce, most zoos first try to find another one in their network they can send the offspring to. Earlier this week, a German zoo said it would send a monkey to the Czech Republic because he’s produced so many offspring that he would soon start having children with his own relatives.

Zoos generally avoid selling the animals on the open market, fearing they will end up in poor conditions. Some European zoos and most zoos in the U.S. choose to use contraceptives, sterilization or separation of males and females to avoid breeding more animals than they can house.

Sharon Dewar, spokeswoman for the U.S. animal Population Management Center, says animals there are recommended to "breed only when sustainable housing for any offspring can be assured." That approach is dismissed as "totally wrong" by Bengt Holst at Copenhagen Zoo, who says breeding is important for an animal’s well-being. EAZA’s Williams Mitchell says there is an ongoing discussion and expects Marius’ case to intensify the debate.

Cheryl Asa, director of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums Wildlife Contraception Center, says just because contraceptives are used it doesn’t mean an animal will never breed. She also says "most of us are very happy to have our pet dogs and cats spayed and neutered, and I’ve not heard any of my friends or neighbors talk about worrying that their dog or cat was missing out on something in life if they hadn’t had a litter of puppies or kittens."

———

WHAT KINDS OF ANIMALS ARE KILLED?

Both endangered species and other animals are killed at zoos. EAZA says five giraffes have been killed in European zoos since 2005.

On Thursday, Jyllands Park Zoo in Denmark said it may have to kill another giraffe soon for similar reasons as in Marius’ case. Coincidentally, the giraffe’s name is also Marius.

Next Page >


Copyright 2014 The Salt Lake Tribune. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.

Top Reader Comments Read All Comments Post a Comment
Click here to read all comments   Click here to post a comment


About Reader Comments


Reader comments on sltrib.com are the opinions of the writer, not The Salt Lake Tribune. We will delete comments containing obscenities, personal attacks and inappropriate or offensive remarks. Flagrant or repeat violators will be banned. If you see an objectionable comment, please alert us by clicking the arrow on the upper right side of the comment and selecting "Flag comment as inappropriate". If you've recently registered with Disqus or aren't seeing your comments immediately, you may need to verify your email address. To do so, visit disqus.com/account.
See more about comments here.
Staying Connected
Videos
Jobs
Contests and Promotions
  • Search Obituaries
  • Place an Obituary

  • Search Cars
  • Search Homes
  • Search Jobs
  • Search Marketplace
  • Search Legal Notices

  • Other Services
  • Advertise With Us
  • Subscribe to the Newspaper
  • Access your e-Edition
  • Frequently Asked Questions
  • Contact a newsroom staff member
  • Access the Trib Archives
  • Privacy Policy
  • Missing your paper? Need to place your paper on vacation hold? For this and any other subscription related needs, click here or call 801.204.6100.