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All new information in some ways is humbling, because it shows how much more work is needed to understand this world within us, noted infectious disease specialist Dr. David Relman of Stanford University, who wrote a review of the project’s findings for the journal Nature.
For example, the project included mostly white volunteers who live around Houston and St. Louis. Relman said more work is needed to define a normal microbiome in people with different racial, ethnic and geographic backgrounds.
And there are many remaining questions about how these microbes interact with human genetics.
"We are essentially blind to many of the services that our microbial ecosystems provide — and on which our health depends," Relman wrote.
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