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(Melissa Majchrzak | For The Salt Lake Tribune) Former Utah Attorney General John Swallow leaves the Salt Lake County Jail after being arrested earlier in the day on Tuesday, July 15, 2014.
Is the case against Swallow and Shurtleff solid?
Justice » Credibility of witnesses, many of whom have been accused or convicted of crimes, is a key issue.
First Published Jul 16 2014 09:38 pm • Last Updated Jul 17 2014 10:56 am

The amount of evidence, prosecutors say, is monumental.

Thousands of pages of documents, interviews, emails and text messages, along with reels of recordings and receipts — they all implicate former Attorneys General Mark Shurtleff and John Swallow in crimes with which they were charged Tuesday.

At a glance

Shurtleff, Swallow in court

Former Attorney General Mark Shurtleff is scheduled to make his first appearance in 3rd District Court on July 30 at 8:30 a.m.

Shurtleff, who served 12 years as Utah’s top law-enforcement officer, was charged this week with 10 felonies.

His handpicked successor, former Utah Attorney General John Swallow, is scheduled to make his first appearance in the same court Tuesday at 8:30 a.m. on 11 felony and two misdemeanor counts.

Both men have proclaimed their innocence. They are accused of receiving or soliciting bribes, accepting gifts, tampering with evidence, and participating in a pattern of unlawful conduct.

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And that’s only what’s been made public in news reports and previous probes.

"There’s a lot of information — from the [Utah] House panel investigation, the lieutenant governor’s report, investigations done by the media — that we didn’t do, that’s been out there for months," Gill said in an interview Tuesday. "But there’s a lot more information that we have."

So there’s quantity, but what about quality? Is the case against Utah’s two former top cops solid enough to survive the grueling and adversarial process of the courts?

From here on out, all evidence will be subject to scrutiny by defense attorneys, judges and, perhaps, juries.

At trial, prosecutors would have to prove each count — 10 for Shurtleff and 13 for Swallow — beyond a reasonable doubt.

"These are terribly serious charges," said former Salt Lake County prosecutor Kent Morgan. "It’s not going to be a simple task to prove them."

While it’s early to speculate on how these prosecutions may play out, experts already foresee hefty hurdles for each side.

Swallow and Shurtleff have been accused of receiving or soliciting bribes, accepting improper gifts, tampering with evidence and witnesses and participating in patterns of unlawful conduct.


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Some of the people the two former attorneys general allegedly surrounded themselves with during these acts make for less-than-sympathetic characters.

"It’s going to be a difficult case, with a lot of difficult witnesses," Utah defense attorney Clayton Simms said. "Part of the difficulty the defense is going to face is if you have Swallow and Shurtleff on a houseboat or in a villa or on someone’s private jet, it’s going to be difficult to explain why your attorney general is in a Ferrari with someone being charged with multiple felonies. There is an element of guilt by association that the defense is going to have to deal with."

Several possible witnesses identified in charging documents have had legal run-ins of their own.

To name a few: Jeremy Johnson, Marc Sessions Jenson, Jonathan Eborn and Timothy Lawson.

Johnson, a St. George businessman who made millions through his I Works company before federal regulators shut it down, has been battling a federal lawsuit in Las Vegas and 86 federal criminal counts in Salt Lake City.

According to court documents, Swallow attempted to help the embattled businessman stifle a federal probe of I Works, and Shurtleff, who allegedly used Johnson’s private jet on several occasions, supported a legal filing favorable to the legality of processing of online poker payments at Johnson’s behest.

Jenson, a convicted fraudster accused of swindling millions from investors in the defunct Mount Holly Club outside of Beaver, has been serving time for failing to pay $4 million in restitution to victims of a separate case.

Charges allege Shurtleff helped orchestrate lenient treatment of Jenson after the now-jailed businessman paid thousands of dollars for access to — and the influence of — the attorney general. Shurtleff and Swallow are also accused of accepting lavish gifts and favors from Jenson.

Eborn was found to have misrepresented his assets to the Federal Trade Commission, violating an agreement with the agency and prompting a federal judge in Nevada to order him to repay more than $26 million for "consumer redress." The order is being appealed.

Prosecutors allege Eborn met privately with Shurtleff, who offered to notify the businessman if a complaint was made against him. Later, Swallow allegedly hit up Eborn for $30,000 for Shurtleff’s campaign.

Lawson, the first person charged in the sweeping Swallow-Shurtleff investigation, faces six felony counts, including intimidating witnesses, evading taxes, obstructing justice and participating in a pattern of unlawful conduct, for allegedly being Shurtleff’s "fixer."

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