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Presidents may establish national monuments, but only Congress designates wilderness — untrammeled areas where mechanical equipment and permanent structures are not allowed. Over the years, Congress has added 109.5 million acres to the National Wilderness Preservation System.
"While there have been disagreements over public land use policy in the past, more than one thousand bills meeting these criteria have moved through Congress and become law, no matter which party held control," the report states.
A report from the Center for American Progress, examines the legislative history of 10 high-profile land conservation bills. Bills to protect these areas have been introduced a combined 52 times over the past 30 years.
Berryessa Snow Mountain and California Desert in California;
Browns Canyon and Hermosa Creek in Colorado;
Boulder White-Clouds in Idaho;
Pine Forest Range and Gold Butte in Nevada;
Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks in New Mexico;
Tennessee Wilderness in Tennessee;
Alpine Lakes in Washington.
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