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Medicaid expansion pits Senate against House GOP

Published February 27, 2014 11:21 am

Health Care • Senate plan clears committee, governor to weigh in Thursday
This is an archived article that was published on sltrib.com in 2014, and information in the article may be outdated. It is provided only for personal research purposes and may not be reprinted.

After months of anticipation, Gov. Gary Herbert released a proposal Thursday to use federal money to help 111,000 low-income Utahns buy private health coverage, saying the state has a "moral obligation" to its citizens.

"I believe we can accomplish the goal of taking care of the neediest among us in a fiscally responsible way," Herbert said in announcing his "Healthy Utah Plan".

It is not, Herbert said, an expansion of Medicaid, but a three-year, Utah-run pilot program that "will not only help us meet our moral responsibility to care for the poorest among us … but it will do it in a way that will keep the state in control."

House Speaker Becky Lockhart, however, disagreed, calling it a "straight-up Obamacare expansion" under the Medicaid proposal and gets Utah hooked on federal health care dollars.

With just 13 days left in the Legislature's 2014 session, Lockhart says there is still time for she and House Republicans to reconcile their differences with the governor's plan. But at this point the two sides are miles apart and if no deal can be struck, tens of thousands would go without any assistance.

The governor's proposal hinges on getting permission from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to use $258 million per year in federal money to provide subsidies to Utahns up to 138 percent of poverty, an individual earning $15,500 annually.

That would allow the state, Herbert said, to subsidize coverage for the lowest-income Utahns, with the amount individuals would receive based on a sliding scale.

The subsidies would be dependent on a person's household income, ability to work, access to other insurance, and health-care needs and family circumstances.

Recipients of the subsidies would be expected to contribute about $420 per year on average toward their health costs.

"We have a really legitimate opportunity to do something that I think is going to be a game-changer, not only for Utah but for other states," Herbert said.

In many ways, Herbert's program mirrors expansion programs in Arkansas and Iowa that have received federal waivers. And the governor said, based on meetings with top White House officials — including President Barack Obama, Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, and others — he is encouraged the federal waiver will come.

"The last thing [the president] said is, 'We're looking for more flexibility. If you've got a better way to do things, come talk to me,'" said Herbert, who returned this week from meetings with the nation's governors in Washington. "It's not a significant deviation from things that are happening in other states."

And should the state not get the federal waiver to run its program?

"I just don't even want to go there," Herbert said.

The governor's proposal is significantly at odds with a proposal that had been put forward by Lockhart and House Republican leaders, that would use $35 million in state money to cover a substantially smaller number of Utah's poorest residents. It rejects an estimated $524 million in federal Medicaid money.

Lockhart defends the House plan, saying it is the fiscally responsible course of action.

"All of this, even the governor's plan, leads to, in three years, an unknown," Lockhart said. "Then what? Then what happens to the 111,000 he proposes to cover. Where does that money come from? And it could very well come from the Utah taxpayers."

The House proposal would still use millions in federal funds but is preferable, Lockhart said, because it does not create a new entitlement.

The Senate is still trying to come to consensus on how to proceed on the health-care question, and members remain "all over," said Senate President Wayne Niederhauser, R-Sandy.

A proposal by Sen. Brian Shiozawa, R-Cottonwood Heights, which is very similar to the plan put forward by Herbert, received committee approval Thursday morning and moves to the full Senate for consideration.

Rep. Rebecca Chavez-Houck, D-Salt Lake City, said her party still wants to see full expansion, but there are some elements to like in the governor's proposal. She said it is good to see the governor not rejecting the pool of Medicaid money Utah taxpayers paid into and she is pleased it goes up to 138 percent of the poverty level.

"It utilizes Utah federal taxpayer dollars. It brings that money back to Utah to help Utahns instead of helping those in neighboring states," she said.

But she has questions if the block-grant proposal provides the stability the program needs and about how much poor Utahns will have to pay.

The advocacy group Voices for Children praised Herbert's solution.

"It's the best plan that's been released thus far," said Lincoln Nehring, a health expert with the group. "We have some concerns about operationally how it work and some other things, like the work requirement and cost-sharing. But mainly those are details. Once we iron out how those things work, I think this is a plan we can support wholeheartedly."

But Linda Hilton, a low-income advocate with the Coalition of Religious Communities, said asking the poorest Utahns to pay even 2 percent of the cost of premiums is a serious burden.

"They don't have money for premiums," said Hilton. "If you're at a food pantry and you can't buy milk for your kids, where do you have money in your budget to give up for premiums? … It's problematic."

Shiozawa's plan also calls for cost-sharing - traditionally frowned on by the feds for its potential to impede access to care.

But the Obama administration has shown more flexibility with the expansion population, approving "private option" waivers in Iowa and Michigan with cost sharing capped at 5 percent of income, said Sara Collins, an economist and vice president at the Commonwealth Fund in New York.

No state, however, has won approval for a partial expansion, possibly giving the governor's plan an edge over Shiozawa's, which would cover only those under 100 percent of federal poverty.

Herbert's plan "will have to be more fleshed out," Collins said. But it presents an opportunity to "expand health coverage to the poorest residents in the state...[and to] make sure that state tax dollars being spent on the ACA actually benefit people living in Utah."

gehrke@sltrib.com

Twitter: @RobertGehrke

Kirsten Stewart contributed to this report. —

Governor Herbert's Healthy Utah Plan

•Â Would subsidize coverage for 111,000 low-income Utahns

• Participants would get subsidies to buy private insurance on the market

• Individuals making up to $15,521 per year would be eligible for subsidies

• Would cost $258 million in first year, more in subsequent years

• Would require a waiver from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to implement

•Â Includes an "escape" clause allowing state to terminate program if federal funding changes

House Republican leadership proposal

•Â Would provide options for covering between 10,000 and 20,000 poor Utahns, possibly more depending on funding

•Â Individuals making less than $11,670 could apply; preference would be given to those who are "medically frail" or parents of children

•Â Would cost $35 million in state money; federal matching funds of about $75 million would be available

• Because it is a state-run program, it would not require a waiver from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

• Since it is a state-run program, the state could change or terminate the program at any time

Sen. Brian Shiozawa's SB251 proposal

•Â Would subsidize coverage for 54,000 of the lowest-income Utahns

• Participants would get subsidies to buy private insurance on the market

•Â Individuals making up to $11,670 would be eligible for subsidies

•Â Cost is unclear, but would be covered entirely with federal funds in initial years

• Would require a waiver from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to implement

• Includes an "escape" clause allowing state to terminate program if federal funding changes