Utah lawmakers proposed aggressive steps Tuesday to wrest away control of millions of acres of federal lands, a move that would likely draw a protracted court battle, but supporters believe could bring billions of dollars to the state.
"It’s been 116 years that we’ve waited. We can’t wait any longer," said Rep. Ken Ivory, R-West Jordan. "Our children can’t wait any longer."
If successful, the measures would also give the state the authority to permit, or not permit, oil and gas exploration, grazing, mining, logging or vehicle travel across Utah’s national parks.
The package of public-lands bills breezed through the House Natural Resources Committee on Tuesday with one Salt Lake City Democrat, Rep. Joel Briscoe, opposing the measures.
Taken together, the bills would issue a demand to Congress that it transfer ownership of federal lands within Utah to the state by the end of 2014 — an arrangement proponents say was solemnized at Utah’s statehood but that opponents say is a misreading of the law.
If Congress and the White House fail to comply, the bills would allocate $3 million to begin litigation to force the federal government to relinquish ownership of the land.
"What we want and demand as a state is control of these lands," said Rep. Ken Sumsion, R-American Fork, and a candidate for governor. "We can manage them, we can determine which ones would be sold, which we can keep to preserve some of the beautiful areas of our state … that we’d like to preserve for generations."
But Peter Metcalf, CEO of Utah-based Black Diamond Equipment, blasted the proposal, saying it is "demented and an insult to all Utahns."
"That’s just an absolutely ridiculous, egregious and stupid" proposal, Metcalf said.
Public lands have made the state a magnet for outdoor recreation, generating billions of dollars. But Utah has proven unable to manage its state parks, he said, so there is no reason to think the federal lands would be different.
"It’s one of those things where the Legislature is engaged in acts of stupidity to make a point," he said. "They would be terrible stewards of these lands. … [The lands would be] mortgaged for the benefit of a few large corporations and the losers would be the general public."
And Stephen Bloch, attorney with the Southern Utah Wilderness Alliance, called it "political pandering at its absolute worst."
"These are public lands — owned by all Americans and our children and grandchildren — and are not to be sold off by parochial politicians hoping to help their corporate friends make a quick buck," Bloch said.
Legislative attorneys have warned that there is a "high probability" that the attempts to force federal action are illegal, since the U.S. Constitution explicitly grants Congress the authority to own property and enact laws regarding that property.
But Chief Deputy Attorney General John Swallow, who is campaigning for Utah attorney general, said that "we believe, from a legal standpoint, the proposals before you today are a reasoned" approach.
"You pass these bills," Swallow said, "and this office will aggressively defend the policies of the Legislature."
House Speaker Becky Lockhart, R-Provo, said she hadn’t read the legislative attorneys’ appraisal, but said that typically their analysis is based on Supreme Court precedents, which can be reversed on constitutional grounds.
"If it results in the future of hundreds of millions or perhaps billions of dollars to fund public education, then it’s probably a worthy cause," Lockhart said.
Gov. Gary Herbert, who is running for re-election, is on board.
"We fully support giving the Attorney General’s Office the legal tools it needs to take this fight to the federal government and get the federal government, as it did with other states over time, [to] allow Utah to optimize the value of public lands to benefit Utah’s schoolchildren," said Herbert spokeswoman Ally Isom.
Their argument hinges on the interpretation of Utah’s Enabling Act, in which the state surrendered ownership of land within the state until the lands "shall be sold by the United States." Ivory and his colleagues insist that is a legal mandate for Congress to sell the land.Next Page >
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