WASHINGTON • There are lots of things we can debate about the crisis in Gaza. You can argue that Israel has committed war crimes, that a culture of violence has corrupted Palestinian society, or that a ground invasion is a terrible idea. But one thing should be clear to everyone: Hamas is insane. It’s destroying Gaza.
I’m not saying this to excuse Israel. Its pathological relationship with Gaza — war, occupation, radicalization, bombardment, blockade — is full of callousness and mistakes. The casualty list from the current air campaign, filled with Palestinian civilians, is grotesque. Israel thinks its need to respond outweighs the cost of killing women and children. But part of the travesty is how little Hamas has done for its own people.
Hamas seized control of Gaza seven years ago. Its reign has been disastrous. Unemployment and poverty are around 40 percent. The government is bankrupt. Israel’s control of Gaza’s borders has played a huge role in that. But Hamas has done everything possible to tighten Israel’s grip and delegitimize Palestinian resistance.
Until a month ago, Israel was reeling politically. It had chosen as its putative enemy Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, a guy in a suit whose principal threat was that he might make Israel answer to international law. Benjamin Netanyahu, Israel’s prime minister, defied Israel’s best friend, the United States, by continuing Israel’s illegal settlement policy while nominally negotiating peace with Abbas. In April, when Hamas agreed to reconcile with Abbas and yield to him administrative authority over Gaza, Israel bizarrely quit the U.S.-sponsored peace talks, insisting that the merger meant Abbas would accept Hamas’ policies instead of the other way around. The kidnapping of three Israeli teens in June bought Israel some global goodwill, but Netanyahu squandered that with a massive crackdown in the West Bank. Then a few Jews murdered a Palestinian teen-ager, and rage boiled over.
That’s when a new round of rockets started flying into Israel from Gaza. Israel fired back, the exchanges escalated and the war was on.
Critics accused Israel of violating the laws of war in practice. But Hamas flouted those laws explicitly. It fired rockets on every city within reach, declaring, "All Israelis have now become legitimate targets." Weapons launched by Hamas and its allies have hit citizens in Gaza. They’ve hit Palestinian homes and buildings in the West Bank. They’ve hit Gaza’s power lines twice, knocking out 20 percent of the strip’s electricity. All this while managing, with more than 1,200 rockets, to kill only one Israeli.
The vast majority of the damage in Gaza has been inflicted by Israel. Yet Hamas has contrived to make the carnage worse. It has encouraged Gazans to stand in the way of Israeli missiles. When Israel advised 100,000 Gazans to evacuate an area targeted for invasion, Hamas instructed them to ignore the warnings. It added: "To all of our people who have evacuated their homes — return to them immediately and do not leave the house."
Abbas finds Hamas’ behavior baffling. "What are you trying to achieve by sending rockets?" he asked rhetorically in a TV interview. In another appearance, he pleaded: "We are the losing side, and every minute there are more and more unnecessary deaths. ... I don’t like trading in Palestinian blood."
That’s what Hamas is doing. It’s trading Palestinian blood for political ambitions it foolishly expects to achieve through war. No amount of suffering in Gaza has persuaded it to stop. During the war’s first week, there was vague talk of a cease-fire, with each side reportedly holding out for further demands. Netanyahu declared that "no international pressure will prevent us from operating with full force." Israel looked like a belligerent bully. On Monday, when Egypt announced a cease-fire proposal based on ideas sketched by Abbas, all Hamas had to do was say yes. The proposal entailed no concessions. It was just a break in the bloodshed, followed by talks.
The gist was simple. As of 9 a.m. Tuesday, both sides would stop shooting. Then they’d start talking, through Egypt, about a truce. The discussions would include Hamas’ demands for easing Israeli control of Gaza’s borders. Egypt’s foreign ministry emphasized that the proposal was "aimed at stopping the killing of the Palestinians."
The Arab League embraced the plan. Abbas issued a statement that "urged all parties to comply with this truce in order to stop the shedding of Palestinian blood." Israel accepted it and announced that, as of 9 a.m., it had stopped shooting. For six hours, Israel held its fire.
But Hamas kept shooting. Rockets continued to fly from Gaza into Israel — nearly 50 in the next six hours — and Hamas took credit for them. Its spokesmen insisted that Israel had to open the borders and release Palestinian prisoners and that somebody had to meet Gaza’s government payroll. Any of these demands could have been discussed. What was crazy was Hamas’ eagerness to use, as its leverage, the perpetuation of a war that had already killed 200 Gazans.
Here’s how Hamas representatives explained their rejection of the cease-fire:
"Cease-fire wasn’t our goal when we fought." (Sami Abu Zuhri, Hamas spokesman)
"In times of war, you don’t cease fire and then negotiate." (Fawzi Barhum, Hamas spokesman)
"The sections calling for calm are offering a free service to the Israeli enemy." (Mushir al-Masri, a Hamas member of the Palestinian Legislative Council)
"Our battle with the enemy continues and will increase in ferocity and intensity." (Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Hamas)
"We will continue to bomb until our conditions are met." (Qassam Brigades)
On Wednesday, Israelis received a text message purporting to be from Hamas. The text, translated to English in slightly different versions, resembles a statement from Islamic Jihad. It says:Next Page >
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