As always, money for education is tight this year at the Legislature — except, potentially, when it comes to these four letters: STEM.
STEM — science, technology, engineering and math education — became a craze this session, with lawmakers rushing to lash their projects to the popular initiative, aimed at getting Utah graduates trained and certified in fields in high demand.
Critics worried that STEM programs were muscling out the traditional school budget and argued bills for companies pitching specific technology were getting special attention. Advocates argued STEM programs were crucial for Utah to remain economically competitive.
"STEM has taken wings in our Legislature," House budget chairman Mel Brown, R-Coalville, chided his colleagues at one point. "You guys are very enterprising ... when you hear a buzzword you think someone is going to take to. You don’t know how many different line items have the word ‘STEM’ attached to it."
As the session draws to a close, however, it appears the furor is wearing off and lawmakers may be whittling STEM funding to some of its key components — $5 million for a so-called STEM Center and $5 million for a STEM board inside the Governors Office of Economic Development, where business and education leaders would work to foster science and technology education.
"We tried to figure out what was really STEM," said House Speaker Becky Lockhart, R-Provo, "and what was something that was nice to have and wasn’t really STEM."
"If we’re going to give our children and our youth the skills to be competitive in the global economy," said sponsor Rep. Val Peterson, R-Orem, "we’ve got to make sure that they have math and science backgrounds."
Many high-tech jobs in Utah are already going unfilled because the state doesn’t produce enough qualified professionals to take them, said Richard Nelson, president and CEO of the Utah Technology Council.
"We’re making some progress, but we need to make a quantum leap to get the attention of our very young students … to get them to realize that, ‘We need the cool jobs, the high-paying jobs, the jobs that are literally great opportunities,’ " Nelson said.
He called the STEM Action Center a "smart investment," in which those in the governor’s office would join a network of states sharing best practices.
High price tags » Many of the other STEM-related bills have substantial price tags. Sen. Stephen Urquhart, R-St. George, wants $5 million for SB279 to purchase and implement a web-based math program for kids in grades K-6.
Urquhart is also running SB260, which would continue a software-based literacy program at a cost of $4.7 million. Sen. Aaron Osmond, R-South Jordan, is looking for $3 million to fund tablet computers for students with SB209.
And Sen. Jerry Stevenson, R-Layton, is also seeking $3 million in SB284 to expand the Smart School Technology Program, already in three Utah schools. Under that program, the state contracts with a vendor to supply iPads, training and high-tech upgrades to schools.
These additional bills have drawn some skepticism.
"We’re scratching our heads about all the STEM bills that have magically appeared," said Kory Holdaway with the UEA. "We’re very concerned we’re diluting the funding for basic services at the expense of funding vendor bills."
Lawmakers appear to be planning to increase basic per-pupil spending by 2 percent, and to fully fund enrollment growth this session. The state’s overall education budget is more than $3 billion; it costs about $25 million to increase basic per-pupil funding, known as the weighted pupil unit, by 1 percent.
But some programs cut during the recession, including funding for teacher training days and programs for at-risk students, have yet to be restored.
Gainell Rogers, president of the Utah PTA, said she’d like to see the money proposed for these other STEM bills put toward enrollment growth.Next Page >
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