New data show Utah's richest, most educated, diverse areas
Not a single resident in 21 Utah cities, towns or unincorporated places has a bachelor's degree. But in the ski resort areas of Summit Park and Snyderville, two of every five adults have degrees.
That's an example of estimates released Thursday by the U.S. Census Bureau from its American Community Survey for 2007 to 2011. It provides the only statistics down to the neighborhood level for a variety of social, economic and demographic data.
Combining survey results over the five-year period allows comparing some small areas with large cities Â although margins of error are sometimes big Â to look at estimates at such things as which areas are the richest, poorest, most educated or have the fewest people able to speak English well.
The following is a look at some of the data, analyzed by The Salt Lake Tribune:
Education • Most of the 21 Utah places where no one age 25 or older is estimated to have a bachelor's degree are generally small and rural, or on American Indian reservations. They include such places as Hanksville, Mexican Hat, Jensen and Scofield, according to census data.
Some other areas where census data show few residents have bachelor's degrees include Copperton in Salt Lake County, Huntington and Wendover, all 5 percent; Kearns, 8.7 percent; and West Valley City, 9.9 percent.
The five-year average for all of Utah is 20.1 percent.
Among places in Utah with high estimates of people older than 25 with bachelor's degrees are Cache Junction, population 38, in Cache County, 53.3 percent; Bluff in San Juan County, 46.6 percent; Summit Park in Summit County, 45.9; Snyderville in Summit County, 41.3; Granite in Salt Lake County, 39.3; and Highland in Utah County, 36.1. Margins of error are large for the small areas.
Income • Echo, population 56, in Summit County is estimated to have the highest median household income of anywhere in Utah at $170,045 triple Utah's statewide median of $57,783.
Others in the top 10 include tiny Ophir in Tooele County, $158,214; Granite, $139,750; Emigration Canyon, $128,337; Summit Park, $127,663; Silver Summit, $119,355; Mountain Green in Morgan County, $110,455; Snyderville, $104,720; Highland, $103,720; and Enterprise in Washington County, $102,891.
At the other extreme, places with the lowest estimated median household incomes are Beryl Junction in Iron County, $16,250; Randlett in Uintah County, $24,583; Hideout in Wasatch County, $24,833; Fort Duchesne, $24,850; and White Mesa in San Juan County, $26,667.
Language • Data estimate that every home in 186 separate Utah places has at least one person who speaks English "very well."
But several places have relatively high percentages of homes where no one older than 14 speaks English "very well."
Those with the highest percentages, according to the census, include Peoa, 40.7 percent; Kamas, 24 percent; Wendover, 20.9; Vineyard, 13.3; South Salt Lake 12.6; Montezuma Creek, 11.5; Coalville, 10.6; Moroni, 10.3; West Valley City, 9.5; Midvale, 7.6; Salt Lake City, 7.2; and Park City, 6.7.
The average statewide was 3 percent.
Age • While Utah has the youngest average age in the nation Â 29.1 years old statewide over the five-year period Â it varies greatly from place to place.
The areas with the oldest median age were Pine Valley in Washington County, 71.3 years old; Garden City in Rich County, 71.2; Summit Park, 67.8; Veyo, 64.1 and Brian Head, 60.
The youngest median ages were in Ophir, 7.9 years; Fremont in Wayne County, 11.9; the polygamist enclave of Hildale, 12.4; Rocky Ridge in Juab County, 14.6; and Cove in Cache County, 16.9.
Diversity • Fifty places in Utah are estimated to be 100 percent white. Most are small and rural and include Oakley, Spring City, Toquerville and Hildale.
Some larger places that have high rates of people who are non-Hispanic whites are: Fruit Heights, 98.1 percent; Hooper, 97.7; Highland, 97.3; Centerville, 96.8; and Grantsville, 96.7.
There are five places on the Ute or Navajo reservations that are estimated to have no white residents at all, including Montezuma Creek and Whiterocks. Several other places on reservations often have low percentages of whites.
Away from reservations, some places with relatively small percentages of whites include Clawson in Emery County, 60.7 percent; Copperton in Salt Lake County, 74.5; South Salt Lake, 76; West Valley City, 78.9; and Salt Lake City, 80.9.