Alibaba will be the New York Stock Exchange's biggest Internet IPO. Facebook chose the Nasdaq exchange in its market debut two years ago.
"We participated in a comprehensive and deliberate exchange selection process and we are pleased to welcome Alibaba Group to the New York Stock Exchange, where they will join our network of the world's best companies and leading brands," a spokeswoman for the New York Stock Exchange said in a statement.
A Nasdaq spokesman said, "Alibaba is a terrific company, and we wish them well as they pursue their initial public offering."
The two exchanges constantly compete for highly anticipated initial stock offerings, hoping to win listing fees and the prestige of big names that could draw other market debutantes.
Nasdaq has captured a bigger percentage of the 142 initial public offerings this year, with roughly 57 percent, according to data from Renaissance Capital. Part of the reason for that lead has been the exchange's continued dominance in the listings of biotechnology companies.
But IPOs on the New York Stock Exchange have raised more money this year. Such deals have raised $18.8 billion, or nearly 62 percent of the total capital raised.
Furthermore, the Big Board leads in technology initial offerings this year, with 20, compared with Nasdaq's 16. That follows a big push to muscle into what had traditionally been Nasdaq's turf.
One of the New York Stock Exchange's biggest coups was attracting Twitter, in one of the most prominent IPOs last year.
Nasdaq has won a number of noted Chinese Internet companies, including search engine operator Baidu and e-commerce specialist JD.com.
Still, several people briefed on Alibaba's deliberations have said in recent months that the New York Stock Exchange held an edge over its competitor.
One factor that may have weighed on some executives' minds was Facebook's botched IPO, a morass of trading delays and investor anger that tainted Nasdaq's reputation.