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German economy sends mixed signals in April

Published June 6, 2014 10:10 am

Productivity • While growing, Germany's economy not expanding as much as projected.
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Berlin • German industrial production edged up by a smaller-than-expected 0.2 percent in April, but the country's trade surplus widened as exports rebounded and the country's central bank on Friday raised its growth forecast for Europe's biggest economy.

Germany's economy grew by a robust 0.8 percent in the first quarter compared with the previous three-month period. However, recent data have sent mixed signals and Friday's production figure underlined expectations of slower second-quarter growth.

The figure was below economists' expectations of a rise by 0.3 percent or more compared with the previous month. In March, production dropped 0.6 percent — revised downward from the original reading of a fall of 0.5 percent.

The economy is fundamentally strong but two consecutive disappointing production figures suggest that the Ukraine crisis and China's slowdown "could still have a stronger impact on the real economy than confidence indicators made us believe and that the eurozone recovery is not [yet] strong enough to have a positive impact on the German industry," ING economist Carsten Brzeski said.

Germany already reported a much stronger-than-expected 3.1 percent rise in industrial orders in April. On Friday, official data showed that German exports rose 3 percent on the month after declining for two months, while imports edged up 0.1 percent. That pushed Germany's trade surplus up to $24.1 billion from $20.2 billion in March.

Germany's central bank, the Bundesbank, forecast that gross domestic product will grow by 1.9 percent this year, 2 percent next year and 1.8 percent in 2016. In December, it forecast 1.7 percent growth this year. Last year, the economy grew by only 0.4 percent.

Bundesbank president Jens Weidmann said stronger domestic demand, a recovering eurozone and industrialized countries' improving economies point to "a solid growth course" but cautioned that "increased geopolitical tensions" or a resurgence of the eurozone crisis could yet dampen growth.

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