Nicosia, Cyprus • Cypriot politicians moved Thursday to restructure the country’s most troubled bank as part of a broader bailout plan that must be in place by Monday to avoid financial ruin. Concerned customers rushed to get cash from ATMs as bank employees protested.
Cyprus has been told it must raise 5.8 billion euros ($7.5 billion) if it is to receive 10 billion euros ($12.9 billion) from its fellow eurozone countries and the International Monetary Fund. If it does not find a way by Monday, the European Central Bank said it will cut off emergency support to the banks, letting them collapse.
Cyprus’ role, yesterday and today
Back in the day » In ancient times Cyprus’ strategic Mediterranean location between three continents guaranteed it a role in flourishing trade routes, and made it a coveted prize. Alexander the Great in 333 B.C. captured the island as part of his campaign against the Persians.
Britannia rules » Britain annexed Cyprus at the start of World War I, and the island helped defend Britain’s crucial trade routes to India.
Split personality » After independence Cyprus split into an internationally recognized, Greek-speaking south and a breakaway Turkish-speaking north in 1974 — when Turkey invaded after a coup by supporters of union with Greece.
That would throw the country into financial chaos and, ultimately, cause it to leave the eurozone, with unpredictable consequences for the region.
Stocks closed lower on Wall Street Thursday, in part because traders worried about Cyprus running out of time to avoid bankruptcy. The Dow Jones industrial average fell as much as 129 points by midafternoon before paring the loss to close down 90 points.
European markets had closed sharply lower. The main indexes in Paris and Frankfurt fell 1.4 percent and 0.9 percent, respectively, on fear that the crisis in Cyprus will intensify.
Several new bills were being submitted to Parliament Thursday night, including restructuring the banking sector, setting up an "Investment Solidarity Fund" and restricting banking transactions in times of crisis.
Together, they will make up at least part of the alternative plan Cyprus hopes will secure it bailout money. The lawmakers said the bills would be discussed and potentially voted on Friday morning.
The pressure has increased since Parliament on Tuesday rejected an earlier proposal to seize up to 10 percent of people’s bank accounts. Banks have been shut since last weekend to avoid a run and will not open until Tuesday at the earliest.
Uncertainty was growing among Cypriots as the deadline approached and it became clear that the country’s second-largest bank, Laiki or Cyprus Popular Bank, would be restructured.
Queues of 40 to 50 people formed at Laiki ATMs, which responded by capping daily withdrawals at 260 euros ($340) per person from 700 euros ($906). Although ATMs have been functioning, many often run out of cash.
"We need cash. We have families, children, grandchildren and expenses, and the banks have been closed since Saturday," said Andri Olympiou after withdrawing money from a Laiki branch in Nicosia, the capital.
The central bank governor, Panicos Demetriades, urged lawmakers to vote immediately on a legal framework bill to rehabilitate Cyprus’s banking sector.
The bills include restructuring Laiki, a move that would raise an estimated 2 billion euros out of the total 5.8 billion euros Cyprus needs, according to local media.
Once it is done, the country would be in a position to guarantee all deposits up to 100,000 euros ($130,000) — the EU-wide limit for bank guarantees.
Officials said the restructuring would split Laiki into two, with a "bad bank" taking over its soured investments, and a "good bank" retaining the healthy ones.
Setting up a bad bank is a strategy that’s been used before in Europe’s financial crisis, by Ireland and Spain. A bad bank is tasked with recovering as much money as possible from the investments.
Without the restructure, Laiki would collapse and drag down the rest of the banking system and the economy, Demetriades said.
"The restructuring constitutes a significant step toward the achievement of an economic support agreement for the Cyprus Republic from the European support mechanism and the International Monetary Fund," he said.
But the bank’s acting CEO, Takis Phidias, opposed the restructuring, saying it would do more damage than good.
"It would mean Laiki being transferred to a new bank, an existing one, with only deposits of 100,000 or under going into a good bank, while 6 billion euros in loans would be frozen, most of them would be lost," Phidias said.
"Who would pay the loans, frozen assets?" he questioned. "This would crush confidence in the banking sector and hurt the retail sector."Next Page >
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