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Van Gogh mentioned the painting in two other letters the same summer.
The number 180 on the back of the canvas was an important clue, and new chemical analysis techniques showed the pigments were identical to others Van Gogh used on his palette at Arles.
Also, an X-ray examination of the canvas showed it was of the same type Van Gogh used on other paintings from the period.
Meedendorp said "Sunset" belongs "to a special group of experimental works that Van Gogh at times esteemed of lesser value than we tend to do nowadays."
He said it’s not impossible another unknown or lost Van Gogh could be found someday. The artist is believed to have completed more than 800 works. While he destroyed some when he wasn’t satisfied with the results, the whereabouts of others that are mentioned in his letters or early catalogs of his work are unknown.
The Van Gogh Museum houses 140 Van Gogh paintings and receives more than a million visitors a year.
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