The wonder of wolf watching in Yellowstone
Pressure to reinstate them arose soon after, but it wasn’t until 1995 that 14 wolves captured in Canada were reintroduced into Yellowstone. In 1996, another 17, also from Canada, were released. Biologists had predicted that five years of reintroductions would be needed, but those two releases were so successful that no more were done.
There are now about 500 wolves in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. About 80 wolves still live on Yellowstone National Park’s 2.2 million acres.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s recovery goal for the population was met in 2002. Since then, the removal of gray wolves from the endangered species list has been one of the Northern Rockies’ biggest wildlife controversies. In September 2012, Wyoming’s wolf population was the last to be removed from the list, meaning that if they ventured outside a perimeter established around Yellowstone National Park, wolves could be shot on sight. (Idaho and Montana had previously allowed this.)
WHERE TO STAY
— Chico Hot Springs Resort, Pray, Mont.
Historic hotel and hot springs pool about 35 miles from Yellowstone’s Gardiner entrance. Rooms with shared bath in the original hotel building from $59. Newer rooms with private baths from $134.
— Mammoth Hot Springs & Cabins, Yellowstone National Park
Rooms with a shared bath $87, rooms with private baths $123.
WHERE TO EAT
— Chico Dining Room
Using produce and herbs grown in its own greenhouse, the dining room at Chico Hot Springs Resort does dinner nightly, breakfast Monday through Saturday, and what may be the state’s best Sunday brunch. Entrees start at $20.
— Mammoth Hotel Dining Room
Get past the dated teal color scheme and enjoy house-made fresh bread and a menu that highlights locally sourced ingredients and also offers small plates. Entrees from $13.25
WHAT TO DO
— Winter Wolf Discovery
This three-day/four-night trip is all about wolves and includes snowshoeing and lodging at Mammoth. Trips through Feb. 23. $719/double and $899/single.
— Boiling River
Between the park’s Gardiner entrance and Mammoth Hot Springs.
A short drive from Mammoth, a six-foot-wide stream of hot water from the Boiling River plunges over travertine rocks into a 150-foot-long band of thermal soaking pools along the Gardner River. It’s a half-mile hike from the parking lot. Open during daylight hours. Free once you pay park admission, which is $25 per car, $20 per snowmobile and $12 per person on foot for a seven-day permit.
"The issue of wolves and the management of wolves is a very hot political issue," says Ken Voorhis, director of education for the Yellowstone Association, the park’s official nonprofit education partner. "There are people on both sides. Some feel that the hunting of wolves is not appropriate, and others feel like they need to be managed because of the growth of the population."
Wherever you are on the politics, Yellowstone’s mission now "is the preservation of wolves within the park," Voorhis says. "They are still out there, and we still see them regularly. The park’s population is still a healthy population."
While it’s possible to see wolves in other places - Jackson Hole, Wyo., about 70 miles south, has several companies offering winter wildlife tours and about half a dozen wolf packs - "Yellowstone is still the best place in the world to view wild wolves, especially in winter," says Doug Smith, a senior wildlife biologist in the park.
This is in large part because Yellowstone’s wolves are among the most tracked and studied in the world. And the people tracking and studying them - both biologists working for the park and educational institutions and zealous non-professionals - are friendly and willing to share their knowledge.
Numerous outfitters and guide services offer wolf-watching trips in the park. It’s also possible to head out on your own, armed with only binoculars, a spotting scope and an inclination to strike up a conversation with a complete stranger whose license plate might read "WLFR." More often than not, you’ll still get a fabulous day of wolf-watching.
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Watch for watchers
You’ll know that there are wolves around when you see a jumble of SUVs parked on the side of the one road in the northeast section of the park that’s open in the winter. (Winter is the best season for wolf-watching, because the animals stand out against the snow.) The SUVs will be outnumbered only by the spotting scopes and the SLR cameras with lenses the size of small children. A frenzy of biologists and John Q. Public will be walking around, animatedly pointing and nodding their heads. Radios will be crackling. (Cellphone coverage in much of the park is spotty at best.)
"Private wolf-watchers - they are super-avid wolf fanatics," says Taylor Phillips, a Jackson-based lead naturalist guide and owner of Eco Tour Adventures, and they’re "incredibly passionate and informed and helpful with advice."
Phillips says that some wolf-watchers have moved to towns such as Bozeman and Livingston "so they can be close to Lamar Valley and their passion." They might miss only a day or two of wolf-watching a week.
Some of these wolf-watchers have founded the Web site YellowstoneReports.com. For an annual fee of $20, the site offers detailed naturalist reports on the whereabouts of wolves and other wildlife in the park.
Both scientists and hobbyists benefit from the fact that a number of wolves in the park are fitted with radio collars, which track them without interfering with their movements.
And they help true amateurs like me get to know the various wolves.