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Sundance: Giving artists freedom to fail
(Courtesy photo)  
Owen Wilson stars in "Bottle Rocket," the 1996 comedy that was director Wes Anderson's first movie. The film, which launched the careers of Wilson and his brother Luke in spite of being rejected by the Sundance Film Festival, will screen Jan. 20 at the 2014 Sundance Film Festival -- as part of "Free Fail," a day of events celebrating the idea of failure.
(Courtesy photo)  
Writer and curator Sarah Lewis was photographed by a stranger, an 8-year-old girl with her family, while on a visit to Utah's Salt Flats for her book "The Rise: Creativity, The Gift of Failure, and the Search for Mastery."
Sarah Lewis, author of “The Rise: Creativity, the Gift of Failure, and the Search for Mastery” Courtesy Simon & Schuster
Sarah Lewis, author of “The Rise: Creativity, the Gift of Failure, and the Search for Mastery."Photograph by Annie Leibovitz.
Sarah Lewis, author of “The Rise: Creativity, the Gift of Failure, and the Search for Mastery." Photograph by Annie Leibovitz.

Failure isn’t usually a hot topic for filmmakers touting their work in the screening and dealmaking rooms at the Sundance Film Festival, but it is one of the intellectual obsessions of art curator and writer Sarah Lewis. She has spent 15 years exploring the roadblocks, U-turns and detours that are part of the creative process. Now she’s bringing the ideas from her new book, “The Rise: Creativity, the Gift of Failure, and the Search for Mastery,” to the festival, where she’s headlining Monday’s Free Fail day, a series of panels and workshops devoted to exploring the often-taboo topic.

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Not everyone finds the topic easy to talk about, but one filmmaker who jumped at the chance is Stacy Peralta, whose documentary "Dogtown and Z-Boys" wowed audiences at the 2001 festival. His first film tells the story of how he and his friends invented professional skateboarding in the 1970s by learning to skate in concrete swimming pools.

"You can’t go head-on into concrete and survive, so we learned to roll out of our falls — it was the underpinning of our success," Peralta wrote on the Sundance website. "It was the one skill that allowed all of our other skills to flourish. The secret to following my dreams has been my ability to navigate and manage failure. I fail more than I succeed. And in order to succeed, I needed to understand how to fail."

The paradox of creativity » Talking failure as part of the conversation about creativity is important, says Lewis, who is returning to Sundance after moderating a New Frontier exhibit about digital storytelling in 2011. "Creativity and mastery are about messy drafts."

But it can be difficult for the filmmaker or the artist, alone in the editing bay or in their studios, to see through the mess. In addition, artists need grit to achieve mastery, but they have to learn when to quit, when to reorient themselves and when to buckle down.

New work requires artists to create without judgment, to set aside their internal critic or editor, says Lewis, formerly an art curator at the Museum of Modern Art, now a critic on the faculty at the Yale University School of Art. And yet the paradox is that later in the process an artist needs both vision and grit to be able to push through to the next steps.

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It might be helpful for artists to adopt the idea of the near-win from athletes, who consider looking at the game tape as a way to tweak performance, Lewis says.

"Ultimately, I wrote this book about the capacity of the human spirit, what we’re able to create, endure and achieve, and what our life stories teach us about this. The title, ‘The Rise,’ is meant to convey that dynamic. The rise is what we’re all hoping to be on in so many different ways."



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Sundance Film Festival » Learning to embrace failure can help artists succeed, author Sarah Lewis argues.

At a glance

Talking about failure at Sundance

For information about Monday’s events, search for the hashtag #freefail on Twitter.

Filmmakers on failure

Sundance filmmakers explain what they learned from their biggest creative failures.

Stephanie Soechtig, director of “Fed Up,” in the U.S. Documentary Competition » “In this world, we measure success by money earned. And my first documentary, “Tapped,” didn’t get into Sundance and it wasn’t a great box-office success. But it has been shown on hundreds of campuses that have now banned bottled water. So there were times when I thought “Tapped” was such a failure and I was really down in the dumps that I made the movie. But I don’t feel that way anymore. It’s had such a social impact. What it has accomplished socially is a great success. This sounds [like a ] cliché, but every bad thing becomes a learning experience.”

Iain Forsyth and Jane Pollard, filmmakers of the Nick Cave documentary, “20,000 Days on Earth” » “The thing we never told anyone while we were making the film was that we were always prepared to fail. There’s a freeing up that happens when you accept failure as a very real option. The most important thing to learn from failure is how to fail better next time.”

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