The nonfiction list features three books by New Yorker staff writers: Lawrence Wright's Scientology investigation "Going Clear"; George Packer's dire account of contemporary America, "The Unwinding"; and Jill Lepore's biography of Benjamin Franklin's sister, Jane Franklin, "The Book of Ages." Also nominated for nonfiction are Wendy Lower's "Hitler's Furies: German Women in the Nazi Killing Fields" and Alan Taylor's "The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832."
For poetry, the finalists are Frank Bidart's "Metaphysical Dog," Lucie Brock-Broido's "Stay, Illusion," Adrian Matejka's "The Big Smoke," Matt Rasmussen's "Black Aperture" and Mary Szybist's "Incarnadine."
The young people's literature nominees are Kathi Appelt's "The True Blue Scouts of Sugar Man Swamp," Cynthia Kadohata's "The Thing About Luck," Tom McNeal's "Far Far Away," Meg Rosoff's "Picture Me Gone" and Gene Luen Yang's "Boxers & Saints," a two-volume graphic novel.
Four of the fiction finalists were published by imprints of the recently merged Penguin Random House, which released 10 of the 20 nominees overall.
The long-lists were started this year as part of an effort to increase awareness of the awards and lead to more sales. New York publishers, several of whom are represented on the foundation's board, have complained that fiction nominees in recent years have been too obscure and have cited Britain's Man Booker Prize as a model. Besides establishing long-lists, the foundation has expanded the pool of judges, once exclusively fellow writers, to include journalists, booksellers and librarians.
The foundation would likely settle for the success of the National Book Award fiction winner from 2012, Louise Erdrich's "The Round House," which has sold more than 300,000 copies. Erdrich's publisher, HarperCollins, gave much of the credit to the award.
Honorary winners include Maya Angelou, whose medal will be presented by Nobel laureate Toni Morrison, and E.L. Doctorow, who will be introduced by the publisher emeritus of The Nation and former National Book Award winner Victor Navasky.
The National Book Foundation, which presents the awards, is a nonprofit organization that sponsors numerous writing and educational events and programs.