But committee member seemed initially skeptical of the proposal, with questions about its reliance on test scores, its roughly $670,000 price tag and its premise that low-income children are in greater need of effective educators.
Rep. Marie Poulson, D-Cottonwood Heights, said she was unsure if bonus pay would be enough to overcome the stigma placed on Utah's struggling schools by state programs like school grading and turnaround.
"I think we as a Legislature have got to take some responsibility for the fact that these teachers won't stay," she said. "We have shamed and humiliated these schools."
Much of the debate over the bill was driven by the committee's vice-chairwoman, West Jordan Republican Rep. Kim Coleman.
Coleman has a background in charter school administration, and began her comments with a series of mischaracterizations of school district hiring practices. The inequity of teacher quality between rich and poor areas, she suggested, is the result of school district staffing assignments.
School districts approve a candidate pool for education positions, but specific hiring and placement decisions are made by school principals.
Granite School District resource director Mitch Nerdin said there are rare cases when school placement would be determined at the district level, like after a campus closure, but teachers are typically free to pursue openings at the school of their choice.
"Teachers decide with their feet where they want to work," he said.
Nerdin spoke in favor of HB212, saying it would use the market forces already at play in public education to stop and potentially reverse the flow of effective teachers out of low-income areas.
"Market forces, as they currently stand, draw excellent teachers away from where the work is tough to where the work is less difficult," he said.
Coleman suggested the same effect could be achieved by districts refusing to fill openings in high-income schools, or by assigning teachers to work with low-income students.
But Nerdin said forcing or compelling teachers to work at specific campuses would erode morale and exacerbate the state's teacher shortage, which sees more than half of all new teachers leave the profession within five years.
"What you are proposing is that we eliminate the opportunity for highly-effective teachers to decide where they want to go," he said.
Coleman also questioned if children from affluent families do not deserve the same level of instruction as their low-income peers.