The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has an estimated 26,550 members in Italy, with the biggest missions based in Milan and Rome. The Utah-based church's outreach is extensive, with more than 100 congregations reaching as far as the Swiss border in the north and to Sardinia and Sicily in the south. LDS leaders say the faithful are represented in almost every major city.
Despite the predominance of the Catholic Church, particularly in Rome, Mormons are looking to the future with the imminent opening of a new temple and visitor center that church elders hope will draw more converts.
"There's a lot of excitement right now because of the new temple," says Alessandro Dini Ciacci, the church's representative in Italy. "There are a lot of requests for information and many are deciding to join the church."
The 40,000-square-foot temple with two spires is being constructed northeast of central Rome just inside the beltway that encircles the Italian capital.
It will be the centerpiece of a 15-acre complex that includes a family history center, a visitors welcome center and lodging for pilgrims traveling from out of town.
The site gained worldwide attention in March when a gold-leaf statue depicting the ancient Mormon prophet Moroni was placed atop one of the two spires. The statue weighs 450 pounds and when a crane lifted it to the top of the temple, it signified its presence while an official opening is still a few months away.
Church officials say the best construction materials, including Italian granite, were used in building the complex, which has been financed by tithes from around the world.
The visitors center will also house marble replicas of Danish sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen's busts of Jesus and the apostles. The internationally known 19th-century sculptor spent most of his life in Italy.
The Rome temple will give Mormons a long-awaited spiritual home where they can come together to worship in Italy for the first time.
"Building a temple in Rome is a major sign of growth of the church in Italy and members are looking forward to that," said Dini Ciacci, a 39-year-old father of four. "Right now Italians go to the temple in Bern [in Switzerland] for baptisms and marriages, and it's quite a trip. Building a temple in Rome is a major sign of growth of the church in Italy."
Mormons have donated a mobile kitchen to the Italian Red Cross to help refugees and earthquake survivors in central Italy and a mobile clinic that works with the homeless. The church is also expanding elsewhere in Europe.
"We just dedicated our 12th temple in Europe in Paris in April," said Dini Ciacci, "and another is under construction in Portugal."
Dini Ciacci hopes the Rome temple will attract a lot of new interest from members while attracting newcomers despite the commitment required by the LDS Church.