He noted that current regional transportation plans for future projects assumed that sales tax for transit would be 1 cent per dollar on purchases by 2017. It is far less, between 0.4 and 0.69 cents per dollar in the six counties served by UTA.
Voters last year rejected Prop 1 to raise such taxes in Salt Lake, Utah and Box Elder counties amid concerns over high UTA executive pay and travel, but voters passed it in Davis, Weber and Tooele counties.
Benson said areas such as Denver, Houston and Dallas all charge about 1 cent per dollar in sales tax for transit, and Los Angeles just raised it to 2 cents per dollar.
"We are quite a bit behind progressive cities of our size in the West," Benson said.
"It's one of the important things for this community to think about. If we want to be the kind of area that is real competitive in attracting employers to the region who want to locate here because of our great transit network, it needs to be funded."
Until such tax increases come, Benson said UTA needs to find ways to improve service as much as possible with the resources it has.
"Things will be tight for a few years, and we will be facing some tough choices," he said.
Some steps he is proposing include reducing debt and interest by cutting back borrowing or leasing for routine purchases. He called for UTA to quit using reserves, or rainy day funds, for operations. Also, he wants to reduce maintenance backlogs that may increase long-term costs and hurt service.
He wants UTA to try to pay off the $2 billion it has in debt, perhaps ahead of schedule, so it will have more money for service in the long-term.
"We need to put ourselves on a course where we don't have to use these sort of short-term financial strategies that create a bigger challenge in the future," he said.
Still, he also called for delivering more service — including earlier in the morning, later at night and on weekends.
That could happen, he said, by "providing some critical scrutiny of our routes and schedules, and, if possible, streamlining that service."
He pointed to a change in ski buses, as an example. Utah is offering more hours of service in canyons by reducing direct routes from downtown Salt Lake City — and asking skiers to use other existing bus and train routes to connect to ski buses.
"We will be scouring the budget for opportunities to reduce costs," Benson said. "Our level of service is lower than it should be, but our level of funding is lower than it should be for what the community plans and anticipates."
UTA must warn cities and others that seek new rail or bus rapid transit projects that the agency cannot afford them unless they find new funding sources, Benson said.