"They're telling me that they can't prove that a rape occurred," Barney said.
So on Monday, she filed a complaint with the U.S. Department of Education, saying BYU denied her services available to victims under Title IX, a federal law barring sex discrimination at schools that receive funds from the U.S. government.
If a school is found to have violated Title IX, it usually reaches a settlement with the Office for Civil Rights and must show it is making new efforts to comply with the federal law.
Barney is one of several students at the school, owned by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, who have said they were investigated by the school's Honor Code Office after reporting a sexual assault.
The Tribune ordinarily doesn't name people who say they are victims of sexual violence. But Barney has agreed to be named.
Barney's alleged attacker was not a student at BYU, but the school launched an Honor Code investigation into Barney herself after it acquired a copy of the police record.
"We have received information that you have been a victim of behavior that is addressed in the university Sexual Misconduct Policy. We have also received information that you have engaged in behavior that violates the BYU Honor Code," a BYU Title IX coordinator wrote to Barney in December. "I would like to meet with you and provide you with the information that we have received and give you an opportunity to respond."
Acting on the advice of the attorney prosecuting her case, Barney declined to take part in BYU's Honor Code investigation, and the school responded by blocking her from registering for classes, she said.
Last week, Barney started an online petition asking BYU to give immunity from Honor Code Office investigations to students who report that they are the victims of sexual crimes. More than 80,000 people have signed.
The online host of her petition is organizing a protest outside of BYU's campus Wednesday at noon. The group plans to deliver the signatures to BYU President Kevin Worthen.
As of Tuesday afternoon, the federal education office had not begun any review of BYU, a spokesman said. The office could also not confirm that it had received Barney's complaint because it acknowledges complaints only after it launches an investigation.
The school on Monday said it was reviewing the relationship between its Title IX department and its Honor Code office, which enforces school standards that include bans on premaritial sex, as well as drinking and drugs.