Utah's governor pushed back, taking direct shots at Babbitt for his role in the 1996 designation of the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument.
"The governor strongly disagrees with Secretary Babbitt's conclusions and characterizations regarding the transfer of public lands effort," said spokesman Marty Carpenter. "While in office, Secretary Babbitt actively sought to reduce multiple use of and access to our public lands."
Babbitt's speech to the outdoor retailers comes in the midst of Utah's campaign to force the handover of 31 million acres of public lands. State leaders have set aside $2 million for the fight and plan to hire a private legal firm to push the issue.
It also follows a much-publicized falling out in 2012 between Herbert and Black Diamond CEO Peter Metcalf, who wrote a newspaper op-ed chastising the governor for his role in the public lands campaign. Metcalf, an outdoor industry leader, ended up resigning from the state's Ski and Snowboard Industry Working Group.
In August of that year, the outdoor recreation industry called on Utah to adopt a more inclusive approach to managing public lands.
The retailers' interest in the issue has not waned in the ensuing years. At a panel discussion Wednesday, an audience peppered state recreation leaders and economists with questions about a state-commissioned report released in December that concluded Utah could make money managing federal lands.
Babbitt cautioned Westerners Thursday against dismissing today's land transfer movement as just another retread of past Sagebrush Rebellions.
"This is different," Babbitt said. "The money is coming nationally, from the fossil fuel industry, and married to the ideology that is being pushed by the American Legislative Exchange Council and others, who are wrapping this into broad-scale attack against the federal government."
A former Arizona governor who served in the Clinton administration in the 1990s, Babbitt played a key role setting aside the Grand Staircase monument, the crown jewel of what became the National Landscape Conservation System. The creation of the 1.9 million-acre preserve in Kane and Garfield counties is perhaps the biggest sticking point now energizing Utah's lands-transfer movement.
The pushback from the monument designation has taught federal officials that conservation initiatives should involve local communities, Babbitt said. He singled out southeastern Utah's Cedar Mesa as another place that is worthy of federal protection.
Nowhere else in America is there such a high density of unprotected cultural resources as in the scenic highlands west of Blanding, where Ancestral Puebloans once thrived 1,000 years ago. The mesa is the central piece of national monument proposals being pursued by three different groups.
But designations, made by the president under the Antiquities Act, have a contentious history in Utah.
After nearly two decades, local and state leaders still consider the Grand Staircase a federal "land grab" that killed hopes of a major coal mine on the Kaiparowits Plateau and continues to limit grazing and other uses that sustain rural economies.
"Efforts like this have created a serious imbalance in the administration and use of our public lands," Herbert spokesman Carpenter said. "The objective of the transfer of public lands effort is to restore balance to the management of our public lands.