Steenburgh, the author of a book about the scientific "Secrets of the Greatest Snow on Earth," said that like other researchers whose work deals with climate, he is worried about the availability of data and funding under a Trump presidency. He doesn't believe the administration would go so far as to delete climate data that already exists — that would be a truly extreme move, he said. But by cutting NASA's funding or by directing the agency to cease researching Earth's climate from space, Steenburgh said Trump could prevent scientists from gathering data they might need in the future.
"I am concerned about our ability to continue to monitor, and hopefully better monitor, the planet Earth," he said, "and to better understand and eventually predict climate change."
Access to NASA's satellites, Steenburgh said, is critical to that endeavor.
Climate change is likely to change the way Utah gets water, said Robert Gillies, director of the Utah Climate Center at Utah State University. As climate change accelerates, Utah is expected to get more moisture in the form of rain rather than snow. That's a problem, Gillies said, because Utah currently stores much of its water in reservoirs, which collect water from snowmelt. But it's not an unsolvable problem, so long, he added, as Utah is prepared to adjust to those changes.
"If there are no resources made available to collect future data, then we would not be able to tell if a trend in the meteorological data was increasing or decreasing, and that really blindfolds us to what is happening," he said. "That's my biggest concern."
But this isn't just about climate research, Gillies said. Weather data is used by just about every major industry you can think of, he said, not to mention everyday residents. His center has helped municipalities with city planning, and has even assisted with court cases involving, for example, wind damage.
"You can name any industry," he said, "and we've had a request for climate data to help them understand something or help them do some analysis."
To understand the full scope of the impact of NASA climate funding, said David Long, director of Brigham Young University's Center for Remote Sensing, you have to understand the relationship between this and other agencies. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration may be responsible for researching climate, weather and the environment, but NASA is the primary source of the technology — and the scientists — that make that research possible.
"It's not just climate — it's really about practical stuff," he said. "So suppose you decide to cut the Earth science budget and stop spending money to use spacecraft to study Earth from space — that would mean we no longer get the remote sensing data we use not only for climate research, but for weather forecasts."
Government funding for science has been increasingly difficult to come by over the past several years, Long said, which has created stress for a lot of researchers, especially young faculty.
McKenzie Skiles, a snow hydrologist who recently joined the Earth science department at Utah Valley University as an assistant professor, said she is worried about her ability to find future funding under Trump's administration. Her current funding doesn't come through NASA, she said, but prior to accepting a position at UVU, she worked as a postdoctoral scholar in NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
"NASA is a place I would look to in the future" for funding, she said. "And if that funding is no longer available, that limits the opportunities."
Funding from NASA is especially important for young scholars, Long said, because it often helps them launch their careers. Long himself spent seven years working in NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory before becoming a professor, and the space agency also plays an instrumental role in providing funds students use to complete graduate degrees.
Kim Olson, program coordinator for the Utah NASA Space Grant Consortium, said her organization uses funds provided directly by the space agency to pay for the education of 20 to 25 graduate students each year. In addition, some of the $835,000 the Utah grant consortium receives from NASA each year goes to fund other institutions, such as the Clark Planetarium and the Leonardo Museum.
So if the cuts to NASA's budgets were deep enough, Long said, the local impact could be far-reaching.