A fifth candidate for Thomas' seat, Jennifer Graviet, was absent during Wednesday's debate, which was the second in a series of school board debates sponsored by KSL, Sutherland Institute, Hinckley Institute of Politics and the Utah Association of Public Charter Schools.
Candidates were not allowed to address each other directly or offer rebuttals, but Strate specified that four out of the five candidates are professional educators — Thomas, an attorney, being the exception.
Strate praised the state's education system and said the success of schools is due to excellent teachers who require support and autonomy, rather than oversight, from the state school board.
"I don't know that we, as teachers, work for you," Strate said. "We work together."
The debate was moderated by KSL Newsradio's Ethan Millard, who began by asking the candidates what type of school standards and tests they would support as board members.
The school board has come under frequent fire in recent years for its adoption of the Common Core State Standards in math and English, and for the development of the computer-adaptive SAGE test that is given to students each year and used as the basis of school grading.
Gov. Gary Herbert and his Republican challenger, Jonathan Johnson, have called on the board to cease Common Core and SAGE testing.
Last month, board members voted to review and update the state's math and English standards and cease SAGE testing in high school, dependent on action and financial support from the Legislature.
Thomas said there is a need to improve annual testing to produce data that inform instruction. He added that while statewide standards are regularly in need of maintenance, they produce the equitable education system guaranteed to every student by the Utah Constitution.
"Students in Moab or St. George or Clearfield should have the same opportunity," he said. "Standards-based education is essential if we want to get our kids to college and career readiness."
Carlin said tests should be designed and implemented by classroom educators. Rather than enforce strict guidelines, she said the state school board should operate as a liaison, communicating the needs of schools and school district to Utah lawmakers.
"I think the state school board is a gatherer of information, rather than a group that decides what is and is not needed in the classroom," she said.
Candidates also were asked about Utah's teacher shortage, which sees districts struggling to recruit and retain classroom educators each year alongside declining enrollment in education programs at the college and university level.