Leaders in Utah, as well as Colorado, New Mexico and Arizona, are attacking the credibility of FWS's science, alleging it is rigged to improperly include the Four Corners region in the recovery zone for this critically imperiled wolf subspecies. The states also object to the venue for next week's meeting because it is has hosted meetings of conservation groups.
The Utah Wildlife Board on Wednesday piled on when it dispatched a letter to Interior Secretary Sally Jewell, arguing that directing wolf recovery toward Utah "is simply bad policy, bad science, bad for the Mexican wolf, and bad for the states strapped with the burden of hosting protected wolf populations."
But a key scientist on the recovery team and Utah wildlife advocates say Utah is dead wrong. Officials are turning their back on the best wolf science and engaging in political interference to thwart an effective recovery of Mexican wolves, whose numbers in the wild have stagnated at around 100, said Kirk Robinson, executive director of the Western Wildlife Conservancy.
Bair argued sportsmen like him learned a bitter lesson from the successful northern wolf re-introduction, which has led to the decimation of elk and deer herds in Idaho and Montana, he said.
"We know how wolf recovery turns out. You reach a goal and it moves a little further and a little further," he said. His letter to Jewell suggests that the "introduction" of Mexican wolves in Utah would impact big-game herds, which support $34.5 million in hunting license revenue.
In his presentation to the wildlife board, Assistant Attorney General Marty Bushman said the recovery team holds "an ideology that promotes expanding the Mexican wolf outside their historic range."
The wildlife board unanimously approved the letter Bushman drafted at its request following its October meeting. The complaints it raises align with a Nov. 13 letter to FWS director Dan Ashe signed by Utah Gov. Gary Herbert and the three other governors. The four states are "seriously troubled" by FWS's selection of "non-neutral" scientists to guide recovery.
"The panel as presently constituted will be driven as much or more by personal agenda than by science. This is unacceptable," the letter states. "Given that 90 percent of the subspecies' historical range is in Mexico, any serious recovery planning effort must headline a Mexico-centric approach rather than the translocation of the subspecies out of its historical range into new, previously uninhabited ranges of northern Arizona / New Mexico and southern Utah / Colorado."
Scientists guiding the recovery effort must include people to the states' liking if a viable plan is to be achieved, the governors contend. Neither letter names the allegedly biased scientists or identifies who the states do want on the team.
The states also insist on a major ground rule for the process: No consideration should be given to terrain north of Interstate 40, the freeway that cuts across Arizona and New Mexico about 130 miles south of the Utah state line.
FWS spokesman Jeff Humphrey said the agency has yet to decide how it will respond to the governors' concerns.
Recovery team member Mike Phillips contends the best science shows any plan that does not include Utah and Colorado is doomed to fail because remaining wolf habitat in Mexico and southern Arizona and New Mexico lacks the prey base and is too fragmented to sustain the wolves' recovery.
Mexican wolves historically drifted far to the north, reaching Utah and Colorado, which served as a mixing zone for gray wolves before they were eradicated in the early 20th century, said Phillips, who has participated in past recovery planning attempts and is the director of the Turner Endangered Species Fund. Today, fewer than 100 Mexican wolves survive in the Blue Range, a designated wolf re-introduction area spanning the New Mexico-Arizona border.
The recovery team is also comprised of Peter Siminski, former mammals curator at the Arizona Sonora Desert Museum; Carlos Carroll of the Klamath Center for Conservation Research; Doug Smith, the project leader for the Yellowstone Wolf Restoration Project; Richard Fredrickson, a former Arizona State University biologist now based in Montana; and John Vucetich, a demographics expert with Michigan Technological University.
These are North America's most respected wolf biologists, Phillips said.